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Biological Therapy

13:50 EDT 21st September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body’s immune system to act against cancer cells. These types of biological therapy, which are sometimes referred to collectively as “immunotherapy” or “biological response modifier therapy,” do not target cancer cells directly. Other biological therapies, such as antibodies or segments of genetic material (RNA or DNA), do target cancer cells directly. Biological therapies that interfere with specific molecules involved in tumor growth and progression are also referred to as targeted therapies. 

Biological therapy:

  • uses living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or synthetic versions of such substances to treat cancer.
  • exploit the immune system’s natural ability to detect and kill cancer cells, whereas other types target cancer cells directly.
  • include monoclonal antibodies, cytokines, therapeutic vaccines, the bacterium bacillus Calmette-Guérin, cancer-killing viruses, gene therapy, and adoptive T-cell transfer.
  • side effects can differ by treatment type, but reactions at the site of administration are fairly common with these treatments.

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