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Clinical Research Organization Research

01:50 EDT 26th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

Thermo-electrochemical cells for waste heat harvesting - progress and perspectives.

Thermo-electrochemical cells (also called thermocells) are promising devices for harvesting waste heat for the sustainable production of energy. Research into thermocells has increased significantly in recent years, driven by advantages such as their ability to continuously convert heat into electrical energy without producing emissions or consuming materials. Until relatively recently, the commer...

The influence of expectations on improvements in pain and function in patients with neck/back/shoulder complaints: a cohort study.

In musculoskeletal research, patients' expectations have recently received increased attention. However, few prospective studies have investigated these expectations or their prognostic significance and possible clinical value.

Standardized reporting of functioning information on ICF--based common metrics.

In clinical practice and research a variety of clinical data collection tools are used to collect information on people's functioning for clinical practise and research and National Health Information Systems. Reporting on ICF-based common metrics enables standardized documentation of functioning information in national health information systems.

Early development in Rett syndrome - the benefits and difficulties of a birth cohort approach.

Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism...

Association of adipokines, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α concentrations with clinical characteristics and presence of spinal syndesmophytes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A cross-sectional study.

Objective To identify correlations of the serum leptin, adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations with the clinical characteristics, presence of spinal syndesmophytes, and body composition in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods Forty-eight patients with AS were compared with 41 sex- and age-matched controls. Assessment included clinical ...

Risk factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC): role of preoperative ultrasound.

Objective This study aimed to investigate the risk factors and clinical value of lymph node metastasis (LNM) and missed central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) using preoperative ultrasound (US) in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Methods This retrospective study included 521 patients who underwent thyroidectomy for confirmed PTMC based on a final histological examination betwee...

Chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine coating on central venous catheters is not sufficient for protection against catheter-related infection: Simulation-based laboratory research with clinical validation.

Objective The efficacy of chlorhexidine- and silver sulfadiazine-coated central venous catheters (CSS-CVC) against catheter-related infection remains controversial. We hypothesized that the loss of silver nanoparticles may reduce the antibacterial efficacy of CSS-CVCs and that this loss could be due to the frictional force between the surface of the CVC and the bloodstream. The objective of this s...

Analyses of thrombi in acute ischemic stroke: A consensus statement on current knowledge and future directions.

Limited data exist on clot composition and detailed characteristics of arterial thrombi associated with large vessel occlusion in acute ischemic stroke. Advances in endovascular thrombectomy and related imaging modalities have created a unique opportunity to analyze thrombi removed from cerebral arteries. Insights into thrombus composition, etiology, physical properties and neurovascular interacti...

The ICVSIE: A General Purpose Integral Equation Method for Bio-Electromagnetic Analysis.

An internally combined volume surface integral equation (ICVSIE) for analyzing electromagnetic (EM) interactions with biological tissue and wide ranging diagnostic, therapeutic, and research applications, is proposed.

Opportunities for Data Science in the Pharmaceutical Industry: The Use of Data to Find Efficiencies in Drug Development Can?t Come Too Soon.

By the numbers, 2016 was not a good year for the U.S. pharmaceutical industry. As of early December, only 19 new drugs had been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), fewer than half of those approved in 2015 and the lowest number since 2007. Further, the FDA approved only 61% of submissions in 2016, compared to 95% in 2015 [1]. And, among the largest companies, the return on investme...

Violence Victimization in Korean Adolescents: Risk Factors and Psychological Problems.

We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived heal...

Doses of Immunogen Contribute to Specificity Spectrums of Antibodies against Aflatoxin.

Research about antibody specificity spectra was conducted to develop single-specific antibodies or broad-specific antibodies. Aflatoxins, as one class of high-toxicity mycotoxins, were selected as the research targets to investigate the effect of the immunogen dose on antibody specificity spectra. For this aim, 16 monoclonal antibodies were induced by low or high doses of aflatoxin B₁-BSA, and 3...

Workplace Hazards Faced by Nursing Assistants in the United States: A Focused Literature Review.

Nursing assistants (NAs) make up a large share of the healthcare provider workforce and their numbers are expected to grow. NAs are predominantly women who earn a low wage and report financial, work, and family demands. Working as a NA is hazardous; this manuscript specifically examines the biological/infectious, chemical, enviromechanical, physical and psychosocial hazards that appear in the lite...

The Impact of SMAD4 Loss on Outcome in Patients with Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Treated with Systemic Chemotherapy.

The role of the tumor suppressor mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 (SMAD4) has not yet been defined in patients (pts) with advanced pancreatic cancer (aPC). This translational research study was designed to evaluate the impact of tumoral SMAD4 loss on clinicopathological parameters and outcome in PC patients receiving palliative chemotherapy. Using immunohistochemistry, we examined SMAD4 e...

Structure and organization of Italian Cardiology. 7th Census of cardiology centers in Italy. Italian Association of Hospital Cardiologists (ANMCO) - Italian Society of Cardiology (SIC). Year 2015.

Porous copper-graphene heterostructures for cooling of electronic devices.

Recently, research on micro-electronic and optoelectronic devices has been rapidly increasing. Parts and products related to these devices are becoming smaller and more integrated within circuits. As a result, the heat generated in devices has increased greatly. When excess heat is generated, important properties are affected such as efficiency and lifetime and, in severe cases, this can result in...

Music genetics research: Association with musicality of a polymorphism in the AVPR1A gene.

Musicality is defined as a natural tendency, sensibility, knowledge, or talent to create, perceive, and play music. Musical abilities involve a great range of social and cognitive behaviors, which are influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. Although a number of studies have yielded insights into music genetics research, genes and biological pathways related to these traits are not fu...

The inhibitory effect of MEG3/miR-214/AIFM2 axis on the growth of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-MEG3 is an important tumor suppressor in various cancers. The present study investigated the potential role of maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) in the progression of T-LBL. Suppressed expression of MEG3 was detected in T-LBL tissues compared with adjacent h...

Gastric cancer: Metabolic and metabolomics perspectives (Review).

Gastric cancer is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide and remains a major health threat in Asia-Pacific regions, while its pathological mechanism is generally unknown. Recent research has advanced the understanding of the relationship between metabolic reprogramming and carcinogenesis. In particular, metabolic regulation and cancer research are being further brought into sharp focus with th...

Advances in antidepressants for treating post-stroke depression.

Introduction Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common and serious complication after stroke, occurring in nearly one third of stroke survivors, and affecting mortality rate, functional outcome, rehabilitation results and quality of life. However, in the common clinical practice only a minority of patients are properly treated. A relatively small number of scientific reports are available on clinic...

Comparative Effectiveness of Plantar-Massage Techniques on Postural Control in Those With Chronic Ankle Instability.

  One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear.

Quality of Life of the Elderly on Old Age Pension in Lesotho.

The southern African country of Lesotho introduced an old age pension scheme in 2004 with the aim of enhancing the quality of life (QoL) of the nation's elderly population. This study is the first to assess the physical, psychological, social and environmental aspects of the health-related QoL of the elderly in Lesotho since the pension scheme was adopted. Data for this study was gathered using th...

Use of naloxone nasal spray 4 mg in the community setting: a survey of use by community organizations.

Naloxone hydrochloride, an opioid antagonist, has been approved as a concentrated 4-mg dose intranasal formulation for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose. This new formulation is easier to use and contains a higher dose of naloxone compared with earlier, unapproved kits. A survey of first responders and community-based organizations was conducted to understand initial re...

Connecting the Dots: An Ecological Lens to Preventive Measures for Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Adversity in early childhood may have a profound impact on physical and mental health as well as general well-being later in life. Despite increasing research evidence on the lifelong impact of adverse experiences, one of the key questions that motivated this research was how to translate this knowledge into preventive measures. This article presents data from an exploratory study aimed to explore...

Comparison of Effectiveness and Safety of Treatment with Apixaban vs. Other Oral Anticoagulants Among Elderly Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients.

To compare the risk of stroke/systemic embolism (S/SE) and major bleeding (MB) of elderly (≥65 years of age) nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients initiating apixaban vs. rivaroxaban, dabigatran, or warfarin.

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