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Inflammatory Bowel Disease IBD

02:15 EDT 23rd August 2017 | BioPortfolio

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term mainly used to describe two diseases:

Both involve inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (gut).  Ulcerative colitis only affects the colon (large intestine), while Crohn’s disease can affect the entire digestive system, from the mouth to the anus.

Other types of IBD include:

  • indeterminate colitis.
  • collagenous colitis
  • lymphocytic colitis
  • microscopic colitis.

There is currently no cure for ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms and prevent them from returning.

Medications used to treat ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may include:

  • aminosalicylates, or in more severe cases, corticosteroids - to reduce inflammation
  • immunosuppressants - to block the harmful activities of the immune system

Surgery:

  • An estimated 20% of people with ulcerative colitis who do not respond to medication, may have the inflamed section of the digestive system surgically removed.
  • Around 60-75% of people with Crohn’s disease may require surgery to repair damage to their digestive system and treat complications of the condition.
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