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Liver Transplantation

23:33 EDT 20th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

A liver transplant is an operation to remove a diseased or damaged liver (a liver that cannot perform its normal functions and is likely to fail) from the body and replace it with a healthy one.

The liver can become damaged as a result of illness, infection or alcohol which causes the liver to become scarred, technically known as cirrhosis.

The most common causes of liver damage and cirrhosis are:

  • hepatitis C – a blood-borne virus that can cause extensive liver damage in a minority of people
  • alcoholic cirrhosis – the liver becomes scarred because of years of persistent alcohol abuse
  • primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) – a poorly understood condition that causes progressive liver damage

Once cirrhosis reaches a certain level, the liver gradually loses all of its functions. This is known as liver failure, or end-stage liver disease.
The only hope for the long-term survival of a person with liver failure is a liver transplant.

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