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Minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic surgery) or more typically refrred to as keyhole surgury.
Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope. This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.
The advantages of this technique over traditional "open" surgery include:
Minimally invasive surgery may be used with the following conditions: