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Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS) Clinical Trials

22:14 EDT 19th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Multi-center Study on Children's and Adolescents' Medulloblastoma Molecular Subgroups in China

Recently, diagnosis and treatments for medulloblastoma becomes more complicated than before since the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnosis criteria has put molecular marker onto an ever important position. Reports and studies revealed highly correlated connection between subgroups of medulloblastoma and patient outcomes. Children's Oncology Group (COG) has launched...

Evaluating the Relationship Between Tau PET Imaging and CSF Biomarkers of AD (Alzheimer Disease) in Humans

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate a new radioactive compound used in positron emission tomography (PET) scans in identifying tau tangles (a certain protein that might be associated with Alzheimer's disease) in the brain, and if the amount of tau tangles in the brain has a relationship to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and cognitive status. This study ...

Stereotactic Radiotherapy of the Resection Cavity of Brain Metastases vs. Post-operative Whole-brain Radiotherapy

In advanced cancer disease brain metastases are common, difficult to treat, and are associated with a poor prognosis. As new local and systemic therapies are eventually resulting in improved survival and quality of life for patients with brain metastases, negative neurocognitive effects of radiation therapy are becoming increasingly important as well as good loco-regional d...

Development of Eye-tracking Based Markers for Autism in Young Children

To examine potential eye-tracking based markers for social processing deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To this end a battery of five eye tracking paradigms assessing social functioning will be evaluated in young children with ASD and compared with data from typically developing children. To additionally evaluate the specificity of the markers a grou...

Management Of Acute Disseminating Encephalomyelitis

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is an immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, which is typically transitory and self-limiting. It is characterized by an acute or subacute encephalopathy with neurological deficits, and magnetic resonance imaging evidence of widespread demyelination that predominantly involves the white matter of...

Phase III Trial of Octohydroaminoacridine Succinate Tablet for Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease

Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase has been a effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease. Octohydroaminoacridine, a new acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, is a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease. We conducted a 26 weeks, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo- and positive- parallel controlled and extended single arm to 54 weeks multicentre phase III clinica...

Anti-viral Therapy in Alzheimer's Disease

Anti-viral therapy in Alzheimer's disease will investigate the efficacy of treating patients with mild Alzheimer's disease with the U.S.A marketed generic anti-viral drug Valtrex (valacyclovir, 1g oral tablet). Valacyclovir at 2 g to 4 g per day, repurposed to treat Alzheimer's disease, will be compared to matching placebo in the treatment of 130 mild AD patients (65 valacy...

Decisions About Cancer Screening in Alzheimer's Disease

The Decisions about Cancer screening in Alzheimer's Disease (DECAD) study is the first study to test if an evidence-based decision aid for AD caregivers can support decision-making about mammography and improve the quality of medical decision-making about breast cancer screening. This large randomized controlled trial will recruit 426 dyads of older women with AD and a fami...

Salsalate in Patients Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease

The purpose of the study is to test the safety and tolerability of twice daily Salsalate in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's Disease. Half of the participants will receive Salsalate and half will receive placebo during the 1-year duration of the study.

Sleep Aging and Risk for Alzheimer's 2.0

Age-related sleep changes and common sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase amyloid burden and represent risk factors for cognitive decline in the elderly. We will directly interrogate the brain using a 2-night nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG) and amyloid deposition using C-PiB PET/MR both at baseline and at the 24-month follow-up. This study has th...

A Proof of Concept Study of the Prevention of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Eventual Alzheimer's Disease Using F18 Flutemetamol

This is an investigator-initiated study comparing two types of FDA-approved anti-depressants, Escitalopram and Venlafaxine, to placebo, in order to determine if these medications have positive effects on cognition and memory in those who are between the ages of 50 to 89 years old, who are cognitively normal, and who have subjective memory concerns. Research has shown that t...

Efficacy of IMPACT in Infant Siblings of Children With ASD

Over a 5 year period infant and baby siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) will be recruited to this study and will be randomized into 2 groups. Parents of the intervention group will receive 6 week of coaching in how to implement this intervention. Parents randomized to the control group will not receive intervention coaching. Both groups will attend a ...

Evaluation of Cerebral Elastography by Magnetic Resonance: Comparison of Healthy Subjects and Patients With Glial Tumor

MRI elastography detects the movement of tissues in the human body and monitors their response to mechanical stress in order to reveal their mechanical properties, like palpation. These depend on the structure of the tissues, their biological conditions and possible conditions. This non-invasive technique allows exploration of deep organs such as the brain that the doctor's...

Investigating NeuroinflammaTion UnderlyIng Postoperative Brain Connectivity Changes, cogniTive Dysfunction and Delirium in Older Adults

(From NIH reporter) Each year >16 million older Americans undergo anesthesia and surgery, and up to 40% of these patients develop postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), a syndrome of postoperative thinking and memory deficits. Although distinct from delirium, POCD (like delirium) is associated with decreased quality of life, long term cognitive decline, early retiremen...

Nutrition for Post-Traumatic Headache

The purpose of this multi-site study is to evaluate the efficacy of a high omega-3/low omega-6 dietary intervention (the H3-L6 Diet) vs. a Control Diet in reducing headache pain and improving function in soldiers, veterans and military healthcare beneficiaries with post-traumatic headache (PTH). In addition, the study will examine the effects of the diet interventions on an...

Eating Behaviours, Diet and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

This case-control study aims to compare the differences in eating behaviours, nutritional status, diet quality and gastrointestinal (GI) health between Chinese children aged 3-6 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (n=65) and typically developing children (TDC) (n=65).

Assessment of Siemens' GoBrain and DotBrain Software

Our main approach in this research is to collect MR data using both a "Routine" and "Fast" brain protocol on the 3 Tesla Siemens Skyra scanner using a 20-Channel Head/Neck Coil to determine if the "Fast" protocol can collect data in less time without compromising patient care.

Brain Network Activation in Patients With Movement Disorders

The diagnosis and management of movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), parkinson-plus syndromes (PPS), dystonia, essential tremor (ET), normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and others is challenging given the lack of objective diagnostic and monitoring tools with high sensitivity and specificity. A cornerstone in research of neurological disorders manifesting ...

Tango for Alzheimer's Disease Patients' Caregivers

The goal of the project is to determine the extent to which indices of inflammatory biomarkers, cognition and mood, are influenced by a partnered, dance-based intervention vs control condition in African American (AA) female family caregivers, at high risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Folic Acid Clinical Trial: Follow up of Children (FACT 4 Child)

FACT 4 Child is a follow up study of mothers who participated in the Folic Acid Clinical Trial (NCT01355159) and their children at 4-6 years of age to determine the effect of high dose folic acid supplementation on social impairments associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs), and deficiencies in a range of executive function and emotional and behavioural problems in ...

Use Music Therapy In Autism Spectrum Disorder

Music therapy is an established form of creative art therapy. By using music as a specific medium of communication, expression and adapting it to the individual resources and abilities of the patient, music therapy can be beneficial in activating and supporting mental and psycho-physical recover .

Neurophysiological Examination in Patients With Brain Death

This study examines muscle movements of elecromyography in adults with brain death. Half of the participants will have brain death, the other half will be healthy volunteers.

Movement and Sensation for Advanced Prosthetic Hands

The purpose of this study is to learn more information about nerves. This study is also designed to learn how the information in nerves could be used to develop new prosthetic devices.

Impact of Early Interventions on Neurocognitive Profile of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Early start Denver model (Rogers, 2010; Dawson, 2010) is a developmental and behavioral model that aim to enhance socio-comunicative abilities and also global development of children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study is to identify changes in neurocognitive profile of children population with ASD receiving Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) app...

/Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD)Hearing Abnormalities Study

Co morbidity rates of hearing loss in children with autism spectrum disorder are high and increasing. Investigators are aiming to: 1. evaluate peripheral auditory and brain stem auditory function in children with autism spectrum disorder. 2. compare communication capabilities in autistic children having hearing abnormalities and autistic childre...

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