Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from AAAS

20:24 EDT 22nd September 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 40,000+ from AAAS

Thursday 21st September 2017

Chronic migraine cases are amplified by jawbone disorder, according to research

(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) A study conducted by researchers in Brazil shows patients with chronic migraine are three times as likely to suffer from severe temporomandibular disorder. Though not a primary cause, the disorder is thought to accentuate and perpetuate sensitivity to pain; therefore, researchers recommend in chronic migraine clinical practice the assessem...

USDA announces support to grow the bioeconomy

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced six grants totaling nearly $21.1 million to support the development of new jet fuel, biobased products and biomaterials from renewable sources. Funding is made through NIFA's Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), authorized by the 2014...

Researchers describe mechanism that underlies age-associated bone loss

(University of Alabama at Birmingham) A major health problem in older people is age-associated osteoporosis -- the thinning of bone and the loss of bone density that increases the risk of fractures. Researchers have now detailed an underlying mechanism leading to that osteoporosis. When this mechanism malfunctions, progenitor cells stop creating bone-producing cells, and instead create fat cells. ...

Lehigh's Srinivas Rangarajan awarded ACS investigator grant

(Lehigh University) Srinivas Rangarajan, assistant professor in the department of chemical and biomolecular engineering, received a research grant from The American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (ACS PRF) in September 2017.

USDA announces funding for nutrition incentive programs

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $21 million to help Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants increase their purchases of fruits and vegetables by providing incentives at the point of purchase. The funding comes from the Food Insecurity Nutrition Incentive (...

Two Group A Streptococcus genes linked to 'flesh-eating' bacterial infections

(University of Maryland) Group A Streptococcus bacteria cause illnesses ranging from mild nuisances like strep throat to life-threatening conditions such as flesh-eating disease, also known as necrotizing fasciitis. Life-threatening infections occur when the bacteria spread underneath the surface of the skin or throat and invade the underlying soft tissue. Researchers have found two group A Strept...

UTA study finds public-private partnerships key to making telemedicine sustainable

(University of Texas at Arlington) RadhaKanta Mahapatra, a professor in the Department of Information Systems and Operations Management in the UTA College of Business, conducted the study, A Collaborative Approach to Creating ICT-based Sustainable Development, which was published as part of the Americas Conference on Information Systems' proceedings earlier this year. ICT is Information and Commun...

700-year-old saint myth has been proven (almost) true

(University of Southern Denmark) Scientists confirm that the age and content of an old sack is in accordance with a medieval myth about Saint Francis of Assisi.

NYU dentistry study pinpoints role of proteins that produce pearls

(New York University) While it is known that pearls are made of calcium carbonate with an organic matrix core, the role of the proteins modulating the organization of these crystals has, until recently, been unclear. Researchers at NYU Dentistry reported the role of two such proteins that regulate the processes leading up to the formation of pearl.

Fires in Australia pop up in places already burned

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Fires that span across the Northern Territory and Western Australia appear to have broken out in areas that have already been burned in previous fires.

Antibiotics and biocidal cleaners may spread multidrug resistance in MRSA

(American Society for Microbiology) Antibiotic use on people or pets, and use of biocidal cleaning products such as bleach, are associated with multidrug resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the home. This contamination of the home environment may contribute to reinfection of both humans and animals with MRSA, and to subsequent failure of treatment. The research is p...

Families of survivors of ECMO for heart conditions report favorable quality of life

(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) One of the few large studies to report long-term outcomes in cardiac patients treated in childhood with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has found overall favorable outcomes among survivors, as reported by families. ECMO provides short-term breathing and heart support for critically ill children while doctors treat the underlying illness.

Low screening rates for adolescents diagnosed with PID in the nation's emergency departments

(Children's National Health System) The nation's emergency departments had low rates of complying with recommended HIV and syphilis screening for at-risk adolescents, though larger hospitals were more likely to provide such evidence-based care.

UCI scientists identify important aspect of the brain's navigational system

(University of California - Irvine) The ability to successfully navigate in the environment is essential both for animals searching for food or escaping predators, as well as for human urban dwellers. It is something we take for granted, but under the hood, it is supported by still incompletely understood brain networks that continuously calculate our position in the environment. Moreover, the loc...

Emergency contraception not as accessible as it should be, says CU Anschutz study

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Efforts to remove barriers to accessing emergency contraception (EC) scored victories in 2013, when the US Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions on over-the-counter sales of the levonogestrel drug Plan B.

Multi-gene test predicts Alzheimer's better than APOE E4 alone

(University of California - San Francisco) A new test that combines the effects of more than two dozen genetic variants, most associated by themselves with only a small risk of Alzheimer's disease, does a better job of predicting which cognitively normal older adults will go on to develop Alzheimer's dementia than testing only for the well-known genetic variant APOE E4.

First large scale study of cocaine users leads to breakthrough in drug testing

(University of Surrey) Scientists from the University of Surrey have developed a rapid and highly sensitive fingerprint test that can take just seconds to confirm whether someone has used cocaine.

Usher syndrome: Gene therapy restores hearing and balance

(Institut Pasteur) Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, the CNRS, Collège de France, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and University Clermont Auvergne, have recently restored hearing and balance in a mouse model of Usher syndrome type 1G characterized by profound congenital deafness and vestibular disorders caused by severe dysmorphogenesis of the mechanoelectrical transduction apparatu...

UMass Amherst environmental scientist Laura Vandenberg honored as Pioneer in Public Health

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Collaborative on Health and the Environment, a San Francisco-based nonprofit dedicated to educating people on the ways in which the environment affects human health and well-being, has named University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg as one of its '20 Pioneers Under 40 in Environmental Public Health' recognizing her...

Cornell's Center for Materials Research's NSF funding extended, increased

(Cornell University) The Cornell Center for Materials Research - which through research and education is enhancing national capabilities in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and materials research at all levels -- has been has been granted $23.2 million for the next six years from the National Science Foundation.

Study: Strategy might prevent infections in patients with spinal cord injuries

(MediaSource) A new study at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center investigates how to reduce the number of infections in patients with spinal cord injuries without using antibiotics.

Residents: Frontline defenders against antibiotic resistance?

(Children's National Health System) Residents often decide which antibiotics to start a patient on so they could become the first line of defense against antibiotic resistance, says Geovanny F. Perez, M.D., a pulmonologist at Children's National Health System.

Stimuli fading away en route to consciousness

(University of Bonn) Whether or not we consciously perceive the stimuli projected onto our retina is decided in our brain. A recent study by the University of Bonn shows how some signals dissipate along the processing path to conscious perception. This process begins at rather late stages of signal processing. By contrast, in earlier stages there is hardly any difference in the reaction of neurons...

Novel assay shows promise for non-invasive detection of PD-L1 on circulating tumor cells

(Future Science Group) Researchers have presented the first report of a new microfluidics-based approach for detecting circulating cancer biomarkers in blood samples.

QUT creates Australia's first lithium-ion battery

(Queensland University of Technology) QUT researchers have produced Australia's first lithium-ion battery after establishing the country's only facility capable of such manufacturing.

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