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Neurons do not act alone in regulating appetite. They have help from glial cells, structural support elements that have, in recent years, been implicated in important brain functions. Now that they are known to enhance appetite when activated, and to suppress it when deactivated, glial cells in the brain—more specifically, astrocytes in the hypothalamus—may point to new targets for drugs against obesity and other appetite-related disorders. Astrocytes and other glial cells make up about half of the cells in the brain, and they have been known to play many supporting roles, including cushioning neurons and helping them form connections with one another. Glial cells are also increasingly being recognized for their abilities to modulate brain functions, as well as for their roles in neurodegenerative disorders. Yet glial cells remain difficult to study because scientists haven't developed many techniques for silencing or stimulating these cells, as they have for ...
Original Article: Astrocytes Belly Up to the Appetite Control TableNEXT ARTICLE
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...