Advertisement

Topics

Id2 controls specification of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cell progenitors during gut development

16:45 EDT 3 Apr 2017 | Nature Publishing

The adult intestinal stem cells (ISCs), their hierarchies, mechanisms of maintenance and differentiation have been extensively studied. However, when and how ISCs are established during embryogenesis remains unknown. We show here that the transcription regulator Id2 controls the specification of embryonic Lgr5+ progenitors in the developing murine small intestine. Cell fate mapping analysis revealed that Lgr5+ progenitors emerge at E13.5 in wild-type embryos and differ from the rest on the intestinal epithelium by a characteristic ISC signature. In the absence of Id2, the intestinal epithelium differentiates into Lgr5+ cells already at E9.5. Furthermore, the size of the Lgr5+ cell pool is significantly increased. We show that Id2 restricts the activity of the Wnt signalling pathway at early stages and prevents precocious differentiation of the embryonic intestinal epithelium. Id2-deficient embryonic epithelial cells cultured ex vivo strongly activate Wnt target genes as well as markers of neoplastic transformation and form fast growing undifferentiated spheroids. Furthermore, adult ISCs from Id2-deficient mice display a distinct transcriptional signature, supporting an essential role for Id2 in the correct specification of ISCs.

Original Article: Id2 controls specification of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cell progenitors during gut development

NEXT ARTICLE

More From BioPortfolio on "Id2 controls specification of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cell progenitors during gut development"

Quick Search
Advertisement
 

Relevant Topic

Stem Cells
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development.  Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry.  BioPort...