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Orthopedics Research

10:36 EDT 20th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

The role of cadherin genes in five major psychiatric disorders: A literature update.

Converging evidence from candidate gene, genome-wide linkage, and association studies support a role of cadherins in the pathophysiology of five major psychiatric disorders including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). These molecules are transmembrane proteins which act as cell a...

Behavioral activation strategies in cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders.

Considerable work and attention has supported the use of behavioral activation (BA) strategies in the treatment of depressive disorders. Although not often recognized, BA, both implicitly and explicitly, appears to be conceptually and empirically relevant to the treatment of diverse problem areas, including the anxiety disorders. This article addresses the role of BA strategies in transdiagnostic ...

Behavioral activation in the treatment of metacognitive dysfunctions in inhibited-type personality disorders.

Behavioral interventions are proposed as a critical treatment component in psychotherapy for personality disorders. The current study explores behavioral interventions as a mechanism of change in Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, an integrative psychotherapy for personality disorders. The goals and implementation of behavioral principles are illustrated through the single case study of Roger, a...

The Currency of Science.

ACR-ACNM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Dopamine Transporter (DaT) Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) Imaging for Movement Disorders.

This American College of Radiology and American College of Nuclear Medicine joint clinical practice parameter is for performance of dopamine transporter single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, for patients with movement disorders. Parkinsonian syndrome (PS) consists of a group of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson disease (PD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), ...

Screening for DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder: Diagnostic Accuracy of Self-Report Measures Within a Population Sample.

The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 Somatic Symptom Disorder was introduced to improve the diagnosis of persons suffering from what used to be called somatoform disorders. So far, it is unclear whether existing self-report measures are useful to detect the new Somatic Symptom Disorder. This study investigates the diagnostic accuracy of three self-report questionnaires, ...

Autologous Fat Injection vs. Lundborg´s Resection Arthroplasty for the Treatment of Trapeziometacarpal Joint Osteoarthritis.

Various operative approaches exist for treatment of trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to compare the results of Lundsborg's resection arthroplasty with solely autologous fat injection.

Metacarpal-Like Hand: Classification and Treatment Guidelines for Microsurgical Reconstruction with Toe Transplantation.

The metacarpal-like hand is a severe hand injury, never addressed before. It describes a hand that lost a significant degree of prehension through a wide array of amputations, involving all digits proximal to the functional length except in one finger or in two digits, including the thumb.Thumb condition can be used to differentiate between two types.In type I, the thumb is intact or amputated at/...

Broken Bones: The Radiologic Atlas of Fractures and Dislocations, Second Edition.By Felix S. Chew, Catherine Maldijan, and Hyojeong Mulcahy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016; 398 + ix pp; $56.92 (softcover).

A Review of Joint Attention and Social-Cognitive Brain Systems in Typical Development and Autism Spectrum Disorder.

This article provides a review of the increasingly detailed literature on the neurodevelopment of joint attention. Many findings from this literature support and inform the hypothesis that the neurodevelopment of joint attention contributes to the functional development of neural systems for human social cognition. Joint attention begins to develop by 5 months of age and is tantamount to the abili...

Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in orbital lymphoproliferative disorders: Effects of region of interest selection methods on time efficiency, measurement reproducibility, and diagnostic ability.

Previous studies indicated that dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) could serve as a useful biomarker for differentiating malignant from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders (OLPDs).

Using Dialectical Behavior Therapy to Treat Misophonia in Adolescence.

A theoretical and empirical modeling of anxiety integrated with RDoC and temporal dynamics.

The newly launched Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) emphasize specific mechanisms over diagnostic categories of psychopathology. In our view, RDoC provides a useful heuristic for mental health disorders, but does not capture the complexity of psychological data when proposed mechanisms are viewed as static entities. However, temporal and complex system dynamics may advance RDoC's utility. By invest...

Heart Team: Joint Position of the Swiss Society of Cardiology and the Swiss Society of Cardiac Surgery.

RBC Transfusion Triggers in Orthopaedic Lower Limb Arthroplasty.

Introduction We implemented a hospital-wide mandatory RBC transfusion trigger checklist based on the haemoglobin level transfusion thresholds recommended by the German federal physicians board. Transfusion triggers, transfusion rates and hospital LOS in orthopaedic lower limb arthroplasty were compared before and after implementation of the transfusion trigger checklist. The goal was to evaluate t...

Non-drainage versus drainage in tourniquet-free knee arthroplasty: a prospective trial.

It is still unknown whether drainage is necessary and non-drainage is safe and acceptable after tourniquet-free total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aim to investigate whether non-drainage use is accepted in TKA that is performed without a tourniquet.

Opioid Use Following Total Hip Arthroplasty: Trends and Risk Factors for Prolonged Use.

The purpose of this study is to answer the following questions: (1) What is the prevalence of opioid use prior to primary total hip arthroplasty (THA)? (2) What is the typical trend in opioid use following THA over the first post-operative year? (3) What are the risk factors for prolonged opioid use following primary THA?

Change in Acetabular Cup Orientation From Supine to Standing Position and Its Effect on Wear of Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene.

The purpose of this study is to measure acetabular cup position and wear of the highly crosslinked polyethylene liner in the supine and standing position for patients at a minimum of 10 years after the operation.

Gap Balancing Sacrifices Joint-Line Maintenance to Improve Gap Symmetry: 5-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Gap balancing (GB) has been noted to sacrifice joint-line maintenance to improve gap symmetry. This study aims to determine whether this change affects function or quality of life in the midterm.

A Chlorhexidine Solution Reduces Aerobic Organism Growth in Operative Splash Basins in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Despite recommendations against the use of splash basins, due to the potential of bacterial contamination, our observation has been that they continue to be used in operating theaters. In hopes of decontaminating the splash basin, we sought to determine if the addition of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) would eliminate aerobic bacterial growth within the splash basin.

Toward classification criteria for early osteoarthritis of the knee.

To propose draft classification criteria for early stage osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee for use in a primary care setting.

On the role of visual electrophysiology in Parkinson's disease.

Lung transplantation for scleroderma: strength in numbers.

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes in Polyarticular Septic Arthritis.

Septic polyarthritis is rarer than septic monoarthritis, but associated with higher mortality. Septic polyarthritis may be difficult to distinguish clinically from noninfectious inflammatory arthritis. We describe one of the largest samples of septic polyarthritis with the aim of distinguishing septic monoarthritis from polyarthritis.

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