Osteoporosis Research

01:18 EDT 21st September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Physical activity - does it really increase bone density in postmenopausal women? A Review of articles published between 2001-2016.

Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the litera...

Anti-osteoporosis activity of Sanguinarine in preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and an ovariectomized rat model.

Sanguinarine, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid, has been previously demonstrated to exert antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. A previous study has identified Sanguinarine as a potential drug candidate for osteoporosis treatment by computational bioinformatics analysis. This study further evaluated the effects of Sanguinarine on the differentiation of murine preosteoblast MC3T...

Chronic kidney disease and vitamin D metabolism in human bone marrow-derived MSCs.

Vitamin D that is synthesized in the skin or is ingested undergoes sequential steps of metabolic activation via a cascade of cytochrome P450 enzymatic hydroxylations in the liver and kidney to produce 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1α,25(OH)2 D). There are many tissues that are able to synthesize 1α,25(OH)2 D, but the biological significance of extrarenal hydroxylases is unresolved. Human marrow-der...

Skeletal fragility in diabetes.

Fracture risk is heightened in patients with both type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although bone mineral density by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is decreased in T1D, it is paradoxically increased with T2D. To predict fracture risk, the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) can be used in diabetes patients, albeit with refinement. Skeletal abnormalities in diabetes include altera...

The prevalence of vertebral fractures is associated with reduced hip bone density and inferior peripheral appendicular volumetric bone density and structure in older women.

Vertebral fractures (VF) are among the most severe and prevalent osteoporotic fractures. Their association with bone microstructure have been investigated in several retrospective case-control studies with spine radiography for diagnosis of VF. The aim of this population-based cross-sectional study of 1027 women aged 75-80 years, was to investigate if prevalent VF, identified by vertebral fracture...

Primary osteoporosis is not reflected by disease-specific DNA methylation or accelerated epigenetic age in blood.

Osteoporosis is an age-related metabolic bone disease. Hence, osteoporotic patients might suffer from molecular features of accelerated aging, which is generally reflected by specific age-associated DNA methylation (DNAm) changes. In this study, we analyzed genome wide DNAm profiles of peripheral blood from patients with manifest primary osteoporosis and non-osteoporotic controls. Statistical anal...

Testing of a bioactive, moldable bone graft substitute in an infected, critically sized segmental defect model.

Large infected bone defects, often resulting from high energy traumas, are difficult to treat due to their variability in complexity and location. Standard treatment for infected bone defects begins with a protocol that includes a series of debridements in conjunction with an extended course of systemic antibiotics. Only after the infection has been eliminated will repair of the defect commence, t...

Laryngohyoid Fractures in Fatal Nonhomicidal Falls From a Height.

In cases of fall from a height, the presence of laryngohyoid fracture or bleeding at autopsy constitutes a suspicion of strangulation before trauma in these types of cases. This study has aimed to investigate the incidence of laryngohyoid fractures in nonhomicidal fall from height cases, and their relationship with age, sex, height of fall, body mass index, and other injuries.A total of 170 cases ...

Uses and Misuses of the P Value in Reporting Results of Orthopaedic Research Studies.

Total Elbow Arthroplasty for Distal Humeral Fractures: A Ten-Year-Minimum Follow-up Study.

Total elbow arthroplasty is commonly considered for elderly patients with comminuted distal humeral fractures. Satisfactory short-term outcomes have been reported, but long-term outcomes are unknown. Our purpose was to assess the long-term outcomes of total elbow arthroplasty after distal humeral fracture and to determine differences between elbows with or without inflammatory arthritis at the tim...

Effect of Surgeon and Hospital Volume on Morbidity and Mortality After Hip Fracture.

Prior studies have examined the relationship between surgeon and hospital volumes and outcome following hip fracture surgical procedures, but the results have been inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to assess the hip fracture volume-outcome relationship by analyzing data from a large, managed care registry.

Magnetic Resonance-Guided Focused Ultrasound Versus Conventional Radiation Therapy for Painful Bone Metastasis: A Matched-Pair Study.

Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is an alternative local therapy for patients with painful bone metastasis for whom standard conventional radiation therapy (RT) has failed. However, the therapeutic effects of MRgFUS as a first-line treatment for bone metastasis remain uncertain.

Opportunistic Use of CT Imaging for Osteoporosis Screening and Bone Density Assessment: A Qualitative Systematic Review.

The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical opportunities for the use of computed tomography (CT) imaging for inferring bone quality and to critically analyze the correlation between dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and diagnostic CT as reported in the literature.

What's New in Hip Replacement.

Orthosiphon stamineus (Misai Kucing) ameliorated postmenopausal osteoporosis in rat model.

Orthosiphon stamineus (OS) or Misai Kucing (Java tea) is a popular herbal supplement from Southeast Asia for various metabolic, age-related diseases. This study investigated the potential use of OS leaf extracts to ameliorate osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats.

Experimental study of time response of bending deformation of bone cantilevers in an electric field.

Bone is a complex composite material with hierarchical structures and anisotropic mechanical properties. Bone also processes electromechanical properties, such as piezoelectricity and streaming potentials, which termed as stress generated potentials. Furthermore, the electrostrictive effect and flexoelectric effect can also affect electromechanical properties of the bone. In the present work, time...

Bones Morphogenic Protein-4 and retinoic acid combined treatment comparative analysis for in vitro differentiation potential of murine mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue into germ cells.

Nowadays, infertility is no longer considered as an unsolvable disorder due to progresses in germ cells derived from stem lineage with diverse origins. Technical and ethical challenges push researchers to investigate various tissue sources to approach more efficient gametes. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the efficacy of a combined medium, retinoic acid (RA) together with Bone ...

Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis on the Relative Efficacy of Osteoporotic Medications: Men with Prostate Cancer on Continuous Androgen Deprivation Therapy to Reduce Risk of Fragility Fractures.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is an effective treatment for men with advanced prostate cancer, but loss of bone mineral density (BMD) is a major risk factor for fractures. This analysis evaluated the relative effectiveness of osteoporosis treatments using BMD as a surrogate endpoint for fragility fractures in men on continuous ADT.

Construction of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived oriented bone matrix microstructure by using in vitro engineered anisotropic culture model.

Bone tissue has anisotropic microstructure based on collagen/biological apatite orientation, which plays essential roles in the mechanical and biological functions of bone. However, obtaining an appropriate anisotropic microstructure during the bone regeneration process remains a great challenging. A powerful strategy for the control of both differentiation and structural development of newly-form...

Sprouty2 is involved in the control of osteoblast proliferation and differentiation through the FGF and BMP signaling pathways.

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) play essential roles in bone formation and osteoblast activity through the extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Smad pathways. Sprouty family members are intracellular inhibitors of the FGF signaling pathway, and four orthologs of Sprouty have been identified in mammals. In vivo analyses have revealed that Sprout...

Online Educational Tool to Promote Bone Health in Cancer Survivors.

Osteoporosis burden is significant in cancer survivors. Websites providing health information abound, but their development, quality, and source of information remain unclear. Our aim was to use a systematic and transparent approach to create an educational website on bone health, and to evaluate its potential to improve knowledge, self-management, and awareness in prostate cancer (PCa) and breast...

Maxillary Corticotomies With Bone-to-Bone Retraction and Mandibular Segmental Osteotomy for Correcting an Anterior Double Protrusion.

This article presents maxillary corticotomies with bone-to-bone retraction and anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO) as an alternative to 2-jaw orthognathics in the bimaxilary protrusion patient with partially anchylosed maxillary anterior tooth.

Percutaneous Posterior Trans-Articular Atlantoaxial Fixation for the Treatment of Odontoid Fractures in the Elderly; a Prospective Study.

A prospective study of 20 multimorbid patients older than 65 years undergoing minimally invasive surgical treatment for odontoid fracture.

Single-dose local administration of teriparatide with a octacalcium phosphate collagen composite enhances bone regeneration in a rodent critical-sized calvarial defect.

Octacalcium phosphate and collagen composite (OCP/Col) achieves stable bone regeneration without cell transplantation in preclinical studies. Recently, a sponsor-initiated clinical trial was conducted to commercialize the material. The present study investigated bone regeneration by OCP/Col with the single local administration of teriparatide (parathyroid hormone 1-34; TPTD). OCP/Col was prepared ...

Unicortical and bicortical plating in the fixation of comminuted fractures of the clavicle: a biomechanical study.

Intraoperative neurovascular complications with clavicle fracture fixation are often due to far cortex penetration by drills and screws, but could be avoided using a unicortical construct. The objective of this study was to compare the bending and torsional strength of a unicortical locking screw plate construct and a hybrid (with central locked and outer non-locked long oblique screws) unicortica...

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