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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

23:33 EDT 20th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries work.

The three main features of the condition are:

  • cysts that develop in your ovaries (polycystic ovaries)
  • your ovaries do not regularly release eggs (ovulate)
  • having high levels of "male hormones" called androgens in your body

You will usually be diagnosed with PCOS if you have at least two of these features.

Polycystic ovaries contain a large number of harmless cysts up to 8mm in size. The cysts are under-developed sacs in which eggs develop. Often in PCOS, these sacs are unable to release an egg, meaning ovulation doesn't take place.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of PCOS usually become apparent during your late teens or early twenties. They can include:

  • irregular periods or no periods at all
  • difficulty getting pregnant (because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate)
  • excessive hair growth (hirsutism) - usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks
  • weight gain
  • thinning hair and hair loss from the head
  • oily skin or acne 

Polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with an increased risk of problems in later life, such as type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels.

Adapted from - http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Polycystic-ovarian-syndrome/Pages/Introduction.aspx

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