Clonidine Hydrochloride Tablets, USP Oral AntihypertensiveTablets of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg Rx onlyPrescribing Information | clonidine hydrochloride
CHClN.HCl Mol Wt. 266.56
Clonidine hydrochloride is indicated in the treatment of hypertension. Clonidine hydrochloride may be employed alone or concomitantly with other antihypertensive agents.
Patients who wear contact lenses should be cautioned that treatment with clonidine hydrochloride may cause dryness of eyes.
Monitor heart rate in patients receiving clonidine concomitantly with agents known to affect sinus node function or AV nodal conduction, e.g. digitalis, calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers. Sinus bradycardia resulting in hospitalization and pacemaker insertion has been reported in association with the use of clonidine concomitantly with diltiazem or verapamil.
Amitriptyline in combination with clonidine enhances the manifestation of corneal lesions in rats (see Toxicology).
Pregnancy Category C
As clonidine hydrochloride is excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when clonidine hydrochloride is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established in adequate and well-controlled trials (see WARNINGS, Withdrawal).
Most adverse effects are mild and tend to diminish with continued therapy. The most frequent (which appear to be dose-related) are dry mouth, occurring in about 40 of 100 patients; drowsiness, about 33 in 100; dizziness, about 16 in 100; constipation and sedation, each about 10 in 100.
The following less frequent adverse experiences have also been reported in patients receiving clonidine hydrochloride, but in many cases patients were receiving concomitant medication and a causal relationship has not been established.
Body as a Whole: Fatigue, fever, headache, pallor, weakness, and withdrawal syndrome. Also reported were a weakly positive Coombs’ test and increased sensitivity to alcohol.
Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, congestive heart failure, electrocardiographic abnormalities (i.e., sinus node arrest, junctional bradycardia, high degree AV block and arrhythmias), orthostatic symptoms, palpitations, Raynaud’s phenomenon, syncope, and tachycardia. Cases of sinus bradycardia and atrioventricular block have been reported, both with and without the use of concomitant digitalis.
Central Nervous System: Agitation, anxiety, delirium, delusional perception, hallucinations (including visual and auditory), insomnia, mental depression, nervousness, other behavioral changes, paresthesia, restlessness, sleep disorder, and vivid dreams or nightmares.
Dermatological: Alopecia, angioneurotic edema, hives, pruritus, rash, and urticaria.
Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, hepatitis, malaise, mild transient abnormalities in liver function tests, nausea, parotitis, pseudo-obstruction (including colonic pseudo-obstruction), salivary gland pain, and vomiting.
Genitourinary: Decreased sexual activity, difficulty in micturition, erectile dysfunction, loss of libido, nocturia, and urinary retention.
Metabolic: Gynecomastia, transient elevation of blood glucose or serum creatine phosphokinase, and weight gain.
Musculoskeletal: Leg cramps and muscle or joint pain.
Oro-otolaryngeal: Dryness of the nasal mucosa.
Ophthalmological: Accommodation disorder, blurred vision, burning of the eyes, decreased lacrimation, and dryness of eyes.
Drugs and Medications
Clonidine HCl Injection
Clonidine HCl Injection
TIZANIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE TABLETS
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The goal of this study is to confirm that levetiracetam has a better tic-suppressing profile than that of the widely used tic-suppressing medication, clonidine. More specifically, we hypo...
This is a study of the effects of clonidine: how it affects responses to stress and to things that remind people of drugs. Clonidine is being compared to placebo. Participants listen to...
The objectives of this study are: 1. To evaluate the effect of clonidine, a sympathetic modulator, to reverse cardiac remodeling and to improve hemodynamics in diastolic heart fail...
Randomized, blinded study of transforaminal epidural injection of clonidine versus a similar injection of corticosteroid for acute lumbosacral radiculopathy. Hypothesis is that clonidine w...
The purpose of the study is to determine whether clonidine, given to abstinent patients maintainedon buprenorphine, prevents relapse to opioid use more effectively than placebo.
Many drugs are unavailable in suitable paediatric dosage forms. We describe the development and validation of a stable paediatric oral formulation of clonidine hydrochloride 50 μg/ml, allowing indivi...
BACKGROUND: An increasing amount of both experimental and epidemiological data indicates that neonatal anaesthesia causes disruption of normal brain development in rodents and primates, as manifested...
It would appear that clonidine has few advantages compared with adrenaline in local anaesthetic solutions.
The present study investigated whether clonidine - an α(2)-adrenoceptor agonist known to relieve pain - is able to suppress itch-related behavior in mice. An intraplantar injection of serotonin induc...
Summary Background: Oral clonidine is used as premedication in children. The bioavailability of clonidine given orally in adults is 75-100% but is unknown in children. Methods: Children (3-10 years) u...