DEXCHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE ORAL SOLUTION, USP2 mg/5 mL |
Each 5 mL (teaspoonful) contains:
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 mgAlcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . not more than 7.0%
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP, an antihistamine agent, is a white, odorless crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water. The molecular formula is CHClN•CHO, designated chemically as (+)-2-[p-Chloro-α-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]benzyl]pyridine maleate (1:1).
Inactive Ingredients: Citric Acid; Dehydrated Alcohol; FD&C Red No. 40; Glycerin; Liquid Sugar; Menthol; Methylparaben; Natural and Artificial Orange Juice Flavor; Propylene Glycol; Propylparaben and Purified Water. May also contain Sodium Citrate for pH adjustment. The pH range is between 5.0 and 6.5.
Dexchlorpheniramine maleate is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative side effects. Antihistamines appear to compete with histamine for cell receptor sites on effector cells.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitisVasomotor rhinitisAllergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and foodsMild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedemaAmelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasmaDermographism
As therapy for anaphylactic reactions adjunctive to epinephrine and other standard measures after the acute manifestations have been controlled.
Use in Newborn or Premature Infants
This drug should not be used in newborn or premature infants.
Use in Nursing Mothers
Because of the higher risk of antihistamines for infants generally and for newborns and prematures in particular, antihistamine therapy is contraindicated in nursing mothers.
Use in Lower Respiratory Disease
Antihistamines should NOT be used to treat lower respiratory tract symptoms including asthma.
Antihistamines are also contraindicated in the following conditions:
Antihistamines should be used with considerable caution in patients with:
Use in Children
In infants and children, especially, antihistamines in overdosage may cause hallucinations, convulsions, or death.
As in adults, antihistamines may diminish mental alertness in children. In the young child, particularly, they may produce excitation.
Use in Pregnancy
Experience with this drug in pregnant women is inadequate to determine whether there exists a potential for harm to the developing fetus.
Use with CNS Depressants
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP has additive effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants (hypnotics, sedatives, tranquilizers, etc.).
Use in Activities Requiring Mental Alertness
Patients should be warned about engaging in activities requiring mental alertness such as driving a car or operating appliances, machinery, etc.
Use in the Elderly (approximately 60 years or older)
Antihistamines are more likely to cause dizziness, sedation, and hypotension in elderly patients.
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP has an atropine-like action and, therefore, should be used with caution in patients with:
MAO inhibitors prolong and intensify the anticholinergic (drying) effects of antihistamines.
Antihistamine overdosage reactions may vary from central nervous system depression to stimulation. Stimulation is particularly likely in children. Atropine-like signs and symptoms—dry mouth, fixed, dilated pupils, flushing, and gastrointestinal symptoms may also occur.
If vomiting has not occurred spontaneously the patient should be induced to vomit. This is best done by having the patient drink a glass of water or milk after which the patient should be made to gag. Precautions against aspiration must be taken, especially in infants and children.
Saline cathartics, such as milk of magnesia, draw water into the bowel by osmosis and therefore, are valuable for their action in rapid dilution of bowel content.
Stimulants should not be used.
Vasopressors may be used to treat hypotension.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
DOSAGE SHOULD BE INDIVIDUALIZED ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS AND THE RESPONSE OF THE PATIENT.
Adults and Children 12 years of age and older: 2 mg (1 teaspoonful)Children 6 to 11 years: 1 mg (1/2 teaspoonful)Children 2 to 5 years: 0.5 mg (1/4 teaspoonful)
Doses are generally given every 4 to 6 hours.
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate Oral Solution, USP 2 mg/5 mL is supplied as a red-orange colored, orange flavored liquid in the following sizes:
4 fl oz (118 mL)16 fl oz (473 mL)128 fl oz (3785 mL)
Store at 20 °–25 °C (68 °–77 °F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP, with child-resistant closure.
Product No.: 8539
Manufactured By:Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Morton Grove, IL 60053
Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Drugs and Medications
IOPE MILD CLINIC SUN PROTECTOR
Arnica montana is a homeopathic drug that is made in accordance with the official methods of the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS) and is commonly used by cosmetic surg...
Enlarged tonsils and malocclusion has relationship with sleep disturbance in children. The consequences of these features can include aggravation of craniofacial growth such that the devel...
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of repeated RIPC and exercise, on exercise performance, skeletal muscle responses and circulating cellular and humoral biology in humans
The substitution of raltegravir for the NRTIs will result in some reversal of the long term adverse effect of lipodystrophy (specifically peripheral lipoatrophy) that is associated with th...
Brief Summary: RATIONALE: Comparing results of diagnostic procedures, such as esophagoscopy, done before and after radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy may help doctors predict a patient...