Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

21:12 EDT 25th April 2015 | BioPortfolio

From the Editor.

Added: 2000-01-01 07:00:00

This article describes how a facilitation model that included a partnership between a Community Care of North Carolina network and undergraduates at a regional university supported rural primary care practices in transforming their practices to become National Committee for Quality Assurance-recognized patient-centered medical homes. Health care management and preprofessional undergraduate student...

Hospital competition and managed care have affected the hospital industry in various ways including technical efficiency. Hospital efficiency has become an important topic, and it is important to properly measure hospital efficiency in order to evaluate the impact of policies on the hospital industry. The primary independent variable is hospital competition. By using the 2001-2004 inpatient discha...

Managers of ambulance stations face many communicative challenges in their interaction with employees working in prehospital first-line services. The article presents an exploratory study of how paramedics experience these challenges in communication with station leaders. On the basis of a dialogue perspective in qualitative method, 24 paramedics were interviewed in one-to-one and focus group sett...

The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification was introduced in the United States in 1979 as a coding system to document inpatient diagnostic and procedural codes. However, transition to International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) has been federally mandated by October 2015 due to advances in medical technology and procedures in medicine. ...

Osteoarthritis is a common disease that leads patients to seek total joint replacement (TJR). Component misalignment leads to failure of TJR. Computer navigation enhances the precision of component alignment, but the addition of robotic guidance can boost TJR to a higher level of accuracy. Some 29 English-language peer-reviewed articles from 2002 to 2013 and 1 Web site were reviewed. A conceptual ...

Case in Health Care Management.

Added: 2000-01-01 07:00:00

As health care leader competencies continue to be refined and emphasized in health care administration educational programs, the "soft skills" of emotional intelligence have often been implied, but not included explicitly. The purpose of this study was to better understand what relationship, if any, could be identified between health care leader competencies and emotional intelligence. A quantitat...

There is a need to implement evidence-based public health practice that integrates targeted and specific strategies and actions with community preferences to improve the health of populations. A community health needs assessment (CHNA) is vital to identifying the health concerns of communities, to learn about the factors that influence their health and the assets, resources, and challenges that im...

Federal policies have a significant effect on how businesses spend money. The 2009 HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act) authorized incentive payments through Medicare and Medicaid to clinicians and hospitals when they use certified electronic health records privately and securely to achieve specified improvements in care delivery. Federal incentive payments w...

Once a cottage industry consisting of many scattered providers, health care has become an industry of large organizations and multi-institutional systems. Various organizational combinations continue to occur, especially in the form of mergers, affiliations, and the creation and expansion of health care systems. In the midst of this ongoing dramatic change, the role of the individual manager remai...

Endotracheal intubation (ETI) is commonly performed as a life-saving procedure in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is often associated with significant hemodynamic perturbations and can severely impact the outcome of ICU patients. Etomidate is often chosen by many critical care providers for the patients who are hypotensive because of its superior hemodynamic profile compared to other induction m...

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is one of the ultimately invasive procedures for managing a noncompressive torso injury. Since it is less invasive than resuscitative open aortic cross-clamping, its clinical application is expected.

In 2011, supported by data from two separate trauma centers, we implemented a protocol to administer tranexamic acid (TXA) in trauma patients with evidence of hyperfibrinolysis (HF) on admission. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the use of TXA in patients with HF determined by admission rapid thrombelastography was associated with improved survival.

The relative contribution of specific postoperative complications on mortality after emergency operations has not been previously described. Identifying specific contributors to postoperative mortality following acute care surgery will allow for significant improvement in the care of these patients.

Recent data suggest that specialty intensive care units (ICUs) have outcomes better than those of mixed ICUs. The cause for this apparent discrepancy has not been well established. We hypothesized that trauma patients admitted to a dedicated trauma ICU (TICU) would have a lower complication rate as well as death after complication (failure to rescue [FTR]).

Before 2006, the Delaware Trauma System (DTS) did not include a designated pediatric trauma center (PTC). In 2006, the Delaware Trauma System designated and the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma verification/consultation program verified Nemours AI DuPont Hospital for Children, a freestanding children's hospital, as a PTC. We evaluated the impact of the addition of the PTC to the st...

Nonoperative management of traumatic blunt splenic injury is preferred over splenectomy because of improved outcomes and reduced complications. However, variability in treatment is previously reported with respect to hospital profit types and ownership.

Increased accessibility and rapidity of computed tomography (CT) have led to increased use and radiation exposure to pediatric trauma patients. The thyroid is radiosensitive and therefore at risk for developing malignancy from radiation exposure during cervical spine CT. This analysis aimed to determine which preelementary trauma patients warrant cervical spine CT by defining incidence and clinica...

We present here a description of the experience in whole-blood transfusion of a health service team deployed to a medical treatment facility in Afghanistan from June 2011 to October 2011. The aim of our work was to show how a "walking blood bank" could provide a sufficient supply.

Thrombelastography (TEG) is suggested as an optimal instrument for the identification of acute traumatic coagulopathy-induced alterations in coagulation status. Patient whole blood (WB) used in TEG analysis is generally collected from a large blood vessel containing representative systemic blood, often close to 40% hematocrit (Hct). Trauma patients often exhibit bleeding from the microvasculature....

Geospatial analysis is increasingly being used to evaluate the design and effectiveness of trauma systems, but there are no metrics to describe the geographic distribution of incidents. The aim of this study, therefore, was to evaluate the feasibility and utility of using spatial analysis to characterize, at scale, the geospatial profile of an injured population.

Rib fractures (RFx) remain the most prevalent injury in an elderly population that will increase from 40 to 81 million for the next 30 years. We sought to create an accurate cost-effective algorithm to triage elderly patients with RFx that accounted for both frailty and trauma burden.

To determine whether plateau pressure (Pplat) measurement is lowered and peak airway pressure (Pawpeak)-to-Plat gradient is increased by measurement on a decelerating compared with square gas delivery wave form.

JAK/STAT signal pathway plays an important role in the inflammation process of acute lung injury (ALI). This study aimed to investigate the correlation between recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) and the JAK/STAT signaling pathway and to explore the protective mechanism of rhBNP against trauma-induced ALI.

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