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Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

02:46 EDT 25th July 2014 | BioPortfolio

While neuroimaging research has advanced our knowledge about fear circuitry dysfunctions in anxiety disorders, findings based on diagnostic groups do not translate into diagnostic value for the individual patient. Machine-learning generates predictive information that can be used for single subject classification. We applied Gaussian process classifiers to a sample of patients with specific phobia...

Beef cattle producers in Brazil use body weight traits as breeding program selection criteria due to their great economic importance. The objectives of this study were to evaluate different animal models, estimate genetic parameters, and define the most fitting model for Brahman cattle body weight standardized at 120 (BW120), 210 (BW210), 365 (BW365), 450 (BW450), and 550 (BW550) days of age. To e...

Anthropogenically derived nitrogen (N) has a central role in global environmental changes, including climate change, biodiversity loss, air pollution, greenhouse gas emission, water pollution, as well as food production and human health. Current understanding of the biogeochemical processes that govern the N cycle in coupled human-ecological systems around the globe is drawn largely from the long-...

True vocal fold (TVF) dysfunction may lead to cough ineffectiveness. In individuals with motor neuron disease (MND), cough impairment in the context of dysphagia increases risk for aspiration and respiratory failure. This study characterizes differences and associations between TVF kinematics and airflow during cough in individuals with bulbar MND. Sequential glottal angles associated with TVF mov...

Increased levels of hypo-galactosylated immunoglobulin (Ig)A1 (HG-IgA1) in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) have been detected using a Helix aspersa agglutinin lectin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In this study, we developed monoclonal antibodies to evaluate the HG-IgA1 in IgA nephropathy, aiming to gain a more consistent and reproducible assay. As an analogue to the HG-IgA1 hinge region, a 19...

Allografts have gained increasing popularity in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, one of the major concerns regarding allografts is the possibility of disease transmission. Electron beam (Ebeam) and Gamma radiation have been proven to be successful in sterilization of medical products. In soft tissue sterilization high dosages of gamma irradiation have been shown to be detr...

In 2006 Yamanaka's group showed that stem cells with properties similar to embryonic stem cells could be generated from mouse fibroblasts by introducing four genes. These cells were termed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Because iPSCs avoid many of ethical concerns associated with the use of embryonic material, they have great potential in cell-based regenerative medicine. They are suitabl...

This study explored mothers' narratives about having a child with cancer through the novel addition of an attachment lens. Six mothers were interviewed about their experiences. Their pattern of attachment was assessed through a separate interview using the Dynamic-Maturational Model of adult attachment. The results showed marked differences in themes and performative aspects between the narratives...

HIV-1 associated neurocognitive deficits are increasing in prevalence, although the neuronal basis for these deficits is unclear. HIV-1 Tg rats constitutively express 7 of 9 HIV-associated proteins, and may be useful for studying the neuropathological substrates of HIV-1 associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). In this study, adult female HIV-1 Tg rats and F344 control rats had similar growth r...

The +331G/A progesterone receptor (PgR) gene polymorphism may influence risk of endometrial cancer. However, data from published studies have been controversial. To evaluate whether combined evidence shows an association between this polymorphism and endometrial cancer, we considered all available studies in a meta-analysis.

This study investigated proteins differentially expressed in the ovaries of menopausal women in comparison to childbearing women.

Due to the increased ultraviolet radiation, the incidence of melanoma is increasing worldwide more than that of any other cancer. In this study, the effects of irradiation of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasmas (NEAPPs) on benign melanocytic tumors from our original hairless model mice (HL-RET-mice), in which benign melanocytic tumors and melanomas spontaneously develop in the skin stepwise,...

The results of the present study, involving analysis of biopsies from patients who received teriparatide for 2 years and were previously either treatment-naïve or on long-term alendronate therapy, suggest that prior alendronate use does not blunt the favorable effects of teriparatide on bone quality.

This is a cost-effectiveness analysis of training rural providers to identify and treat osteoporosis. Results showed a slight cost savings, increase in life years, increase in treatment rates, and decrease in fracture incidence. However, the results were sensitive to small differences in effectiveness, being cost-effective in 70 % of simulations during probabilistic sensitivity analysis.

This article explores male perceptions and attitudes toward violence against women in Indonesia. It analyzes interview data from Indonesian men collected as part of a large multimethod Australian government-funded project on masculinities and violence in two Asian countries. Reluctance to talk about violence against women was evident, and the accounts of those men who did respond referred to three...

In India, the incidence of fire attacks on women has risen dramatically. Although studies and media accounts describe how and why these attacks occur, no research has investigated the lives of survivors. Qualitative analysis of the texts of two focus groups of women scarred by domestic attacks by fire reveals that these women are heavily stigmatized. Using Yang et al.'s theory that stigma is a res...

Corrigenda.

Added: 2014-07-18 08:00:00

THE USE OF APREPITANT IN A CASE OF REFRACTORY NAUSEA AND VOMITING: Lowery L, Andrew I, Gill S, et al. The use of aprepitant in a case of refractory nausea and vomiting. Palliat Med 2014; 28(7): 990-991. DOI: 10.1177/0269216314530180. The wrong version of this article was exported for typesetting and subsequently published. The correct version of this article is reproduced on the following pages an...

High-quality palliative care for people with dementia should be patient-centered, family-focused, and include well-informed and shared decision-making, as affirmed in a recent white paper on dementia from the European Association for Palliative Care.

Cathepsin G (CatG) is a serine protease that mediates angiotensin I to angiotensin II (Ang-II) conversion and is highly expressed in human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, it remains untested whether this protease participates in the pathogenesis of AAA.

Although statin therapy has been linked to fewer short-term complications after infrainguinal bypass, its effect on long-term survival remains unclear. We therefore examined associations between statin use and long-term mortality, graft occlusion, and amputation after infrainguinal bypass.

Recent studies recommend periostin as a systemic biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation to predict responses to novel treatments that targets eosinophilic TH2-driven inflammation in asthmatic patients.

Atopic dermatitis is an itchy, inflammatory, chronic, or chronically relapsing skin disease. The disease occurs in people who have an "atopic tendency" or may appear as a clinical sign of primary immunodeficiency.

Platelets are actively involved in immune inflammatory processes that release inflammatory mediators. Platelet activation has been reported in various inflammatory diseases; however, few studies have described platelet involvement in chronic urticaria (CU).

To investigate whether the neurocognitive function at 4 months could be a relevant primary endpoint in clinical trials dealing with brain metastases, we created a Japanese neurocognitive battery and examined the changes in patients' neurocognitive function for 1 year after their brain radiotherapy. In this prospective pilot study, we enrolled 27 patients (20 patients who received whole-brain rad...

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