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Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

04:50 EDT 25th June 2016 | BioPortfolio

Various plant species of green belt in urban traffic area help to reduce air pollution and beautify the city environment. Those plant species growing healthily under long-term atmospheric pollution environment are considered to be resilient. This study aims to identify plant species that are more tolerant to air pollution from traffic and to give recommendations for future green belt development i...

The fabrication of p-type doped ZnO nanostructures is key in opening up substantial opportunities for the application of ZnO nanostructures. Owing to their stable p-type property, Na ions are the best candidates for ZnO p-type doping. However, Na-doped ZnO nanostructures had never been prepared until now. For the first time, we successfully synthesized Na-doped ZnO ultrathin hollow spheres using a...

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Contents list.

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Maternal obesity during pregnancy is associated with chronic maternal, placental, and fetal inflammation; and it elevates the risk for offspring obesity. Changes in the development of the hypothalamus, a brain region that regulates body weight and energy balance, are emerging as important determinants of offspring risk, but such changes are only beginning to be defined. Here we focused on the hypo...

Environmental enrichment (EE) is considered an efficient neuroprotector against neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved are not yet clear. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of neonatal HI and environmental stimulation in the hippocampus of rats at 3 different time points (PND 8, 22 and 60), evaluating some aspects of BBB structure a...

Insulin resistance (IR) is a key pathological hallmark of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Emerging evidence has uncovered the gastrointestinal (GI) system as a previously overlooked player in fine-tuning systemic glucose homeostasis and insulin responses, which involved a complex inter-organ crosstalk through metabolic, endocrine, immune and neural mechanisms. These facts raise the intriguing possibi...

Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is a rare but disabling disorder caused by a wide spectrum of conditions. Given the lack of randomized-controlled trials, contemporary treatment concepts are adapted from guidelines for cerebral ischemia, atherosclerotic vascular disease, and acute traumatic spinal cord injury. In addition, patients with SCI are at risk for several potentially life-threatening but prev...

The screening of chemical libraries with traditional methods, such as high-throughput screening (HTS), is expensive and time consuming. Quantitative structure-activity relation (QSAR) modeling is an alternative method that can assist in the selection of lead molecules by using the information from reference active and inactive compounds. This approach requires good molecular descriptors that are r...

Stapling is a key technique for stabilising peptides in an α-helical structure. The resultant stapled peptides are then able to compete efficiently for binding to protein targets involved in protein-protein interactions (PPI) that are mediated by α-helices. Certain general design principles to optimise their binding and biological activity have emerged in recent years. This is accompanied by an ...

Wnt7B gene plays an important role in the development and progression of breast cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer. While, the natural state of DNA is double stranded, which makes it difficult to be directly detected. Here, we develop an electrochemical biosensor method for Wnt7B gene detection without the need to denature the target. This method firstly used nicking e...

Background Our aim was to determine the prevalence of coronary artery - pulmonary artery collaterals in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) by retrospectively evaluating coronary angiograms of eligible consecutive patients who had undergone pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). We also aimed to evaluate predictors and potential clinical associates of these collatera...

CuCo2O4 spinel prepared via an EDTA-citric acid process was studied as a candidate solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathode material at intermediate temperatures (IT). CuCo2O4 cathodes were measured using thermal gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. AC impedance spectroscopy and DC polarization measurements were used to study the electrode performance. The obtained...

Reconstruction of critical size bone defects remains a major clinical challenge because of poor bone regeneration, which is usually due to poor angiogenesis during repair. Satisfactory vascularization is a prerequisite for the survival of grafts and the integration of new tissue with existing tissue. In this work, we investigated angiogenesis in 3D scaffolds by in vivo multiphoton microscopy durin...

Orthopedic interface tissue engineering aims to mimic structure and function of soft-to-hard tissue junctions, particularly bone-ligament, bone-tendon, and bone-cartilage interfaces. A range of engineering approaches has been proposed to mimic the gradient architecture, physical properties and chemical characteristics of interface tissues using conventional polymeric biomaterials. Recent developme...

Bisphosphonates (BPs) inhibit bone resorption and are frequently used to treat osteoporosis, bone metastasis, and other conditions that result in bone fragility. However, numerous studies have reported that BPs are closely related to the development of osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), which is an intractable disease. Recent studies have demonstrated that intravenous infusion of multipotent mesenc...

Measurement of achievement or progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) should be suggestive of the issues involved in intertemporal comparison. Commonly, we observe that the measurement techniques such as simple differentials, rates and ratios are employed for comparisons and interpretations. But such chosen measures are insensitive to two very important and fundamental concerns. F...

There is considerable evidence to support the role of anandamide (AEA), an endogenous ligand of cannabinoid receptors, in neuropathic pain modulation. AEA also produces effects mediated by other biological targets, of which the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) has been the most investigated. Both, inhibition of AEA breakdown by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and blockage of...

Sildenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, commonly used in the oral treatment for erectile dysfunction, relaxes smooth muscle of human bladder through the activation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling. H2S is an endogenous gaseous transmitter with myorelaxant properties predominantly formed from L-cysteine (L-Cys) by cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-ly...

Under mechanical stress, the hexaarylbiimidazole (HABI) motif can cleave to triphenylimidazolyl radicals when incorporated into a polymer matrix. The mechanically produced coloured radicals can initiate secondary radical reactions yielding polymer networks. Thus, the HABI mechanophore combines optical reporting of bond scission and reinforcement of polymers in a single molecular moiety.

A regioselective phosphorylation method for myo-inositol was developed by utilizing readily preparable BINOL-derived phosphoramidites. The method also facilitated the complete separation of the diastereomeric products by simple chromatography. Based on this phosphorylation and Ni-catalyzed alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reaction for long fatty acids, we achieved the first synthesis of a lysophosphatid...

In this issue of Developmental Cell, Du et al. (2016) describe a gene named stuxnet that regulates Polycomb protein stability, thereby influencing the activity of the Polycomb-group repressive chromatin complexes.

During courtship, Drosophila melanogaster males sing to females a song composed of rhythmic pulses and sine song. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Shirangi et al. (2016) show that a cluster of doublesex-expressing neurons directs the production of the sine song component through functional linkages to wing motoneurons.

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