Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

07:25 EDT 6th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Clinical practice guidelines endorse the use of palliative care in patients with symptomatic heart failure. Palliative care is conceptualized as supportive care afforded to most patients with chronic, life-limiting illness. However, the optimal content and delivery of palliative care interventions remains unknown and its integration into existing heart failure disease management continues to be a ...

Team-based or multidisciplinary care may be a potential way to positively impact outcomes for heart failure (HF) patients by improving clinical outcomes, managing patient symptoms, and reducing costs. The multidisciplinary team includes the HF cardiologist, HF nurses, clinical pharmacists, dieticians, exercise specialists, mental health providers, social workers, primary care providers, and additi...

Team-based Care for Heart Failure.

Added: 2015-07-01 08:00:00

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) and abnormally phosphorylated tau which contribute to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Previous studies demonstrated that Aβ and a truncated fragment of Aβ induced death of oligodendrocytes in vitro. In addition, a triple-transgenic AD mouse model exhibits significant region-specific alterations in myelination pa...

An ocular prosthesis must be maintained in a suitable state of cleanliness, fit and preservation. Otherwise its functioning may be compromised, leading to a variety of diseases. However, there is a lack of consensus on the care of such prostheses. This review assembles and attempts to update existing knowledge in this area and discusses the most appropriate care regimes.

Mismatch negativity, an electrophysiological measure, evaluates the brain's capacity to discriminate sounds, regardless of attentional and behavioral capacity. Thus, this auditory event-related potential is promising in the study of the neurophysiological basis underlying auditory processing.

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome has multifactorial causes. Although indications for surgery are evaluated by well-known diagnostic tests in the awake state, these do not always correlate with satisfactory surgical results.

Paclitaxel is an effective first-line chemotherapeutic with the major dose-limiting side effect of painful neuropathy. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in paclitaxel-induced painful neuropathy. Here we show the effects of pharmacological modulation of mitochondrial ROS producing sites using systemic rotenone (complex I inhibitor) or antimycin A (complex III inhib...

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a growingly frequent condition in aging individuals. Urinary or rectal incontinence, constipation, pelvic organ prolapse, pelvic pain or sexual dysfunction are common problems in this age range. Such conditions carry a severe impact on quality of life, but also limit individual independence in daily activities, favor social isolation and carry health risks. Diagnosis an...

Three treatment options are available for patients with aortic stenosis: surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and medical treatment (MT). However, little is known about how Heart Team treatment decisions are made under routine conditions. The aim of this study was to identify the cardiac and geriatric components associated with treatment decision...

More detailed analytical studies of an optical sensor based on immobilization of Eriochorome Cyanine R (ECR) on a triacetylcellulose film have been described to determine Vanadium (IV) ions in some real samples. The sensor based on complex formation between Vanadium (IV) ions and ECR in acidic media caused the color of the film to change from violet to blue along with the appearance of a strong pe...

In a recently published paper [Spectrochim. Acta A: Mol. Biomol. Spect. 138 (2015) 711-722], Prabhaharan, Prabakaran, Srinivasan, and Gunasekaran presented a combined experimental and theoretical study on molecular structure, vibrational spectra and NBO analysis of cyanuric acid, and explain their findings using the tri-hydroxy tautomeric form of the compound. In reality, the compound adopts the t...

In this study, the interaction between cationic surfactants with different alkyl chain lengths, such as hexyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (HTAB), dodecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), and DNA was investigated by UV-vis spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and viscosity techniques. The results showed that these three cationic surfactants with differen...

The FTIR, Raman and UV-vis spectra of the recently synthesized tetrathia[8]circulene and tetraselena[8]circulene compounds have been measured and interpreted in details by the density functional theory (DFT) calculations taking into account the molecular symmetry constrains. The structural and electronic features of the studied compounds have also been discussed in connection with the observed spe...

Femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (fsCARS) spectroscopy, together with perturbation theory based numerical calculation, is employed to study OH stretching (υOH) of pure water and aqueous lithium chloride solutions. Vibrational OH stretching (υOH) modes of aqueous solutions are Raman-excited by a pair of ultrashort, femtosecond laser pulses, and then probed through inelastic scatt...

Since the first identification of Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012 the virus has infected 1289 humans with approximately 40% mortalities. Currently South Korea is experiencing the hospital-associated outbreak of MER-CoV that has infected 126 human cases and 13 deaths, as of 12 June 2015, following the return of a MERS infected patient from Middle East. The episode...

Most nosocomial infections by Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus have gained considerable attention due to an increase of infections caused by these strains that have been reported in recent years throughout the world. Most notably, it is important to underline the presence of S. epidermidis and S. aureus in the human epithelia microflora and to highlight that it is impossible to...

The diagnostic approaches to viral gastroenteritis have evolved substantially over the past decades because of the advances in detection methods, the emergence of new pathogens, and the increase in diarrhea hospitalizations attributed to viruses, especially in young children in non-industrialized countries. Overall, these factors have lead to a relevant improvement of types and operating character...

Infection with Torque teno viruses (TTVs) is not restricted to humans. Different domestic and wild animal species are naturally infected with species-specific TTVs worldwide. Due to the global spread of the infection, it is likely that essentially all animals are naturally infected with species-specific TTVs, and that co-evolution of TTVs with their hosts probably occurred. Although TTVs are poten...

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a significant etiological factor and an important prognosticator in cervical cancer. Indeed, researchers worldwide have confirmed these roles for high-risk HVPs in over 70% of cervical cancer cases. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 561,200 new cancer cases (5.2% of all new cancers) are attributed to HPV infection. Over 120 types of H...

The human genome contains remnants of ancestral retroviruses now endogenously transmitted, called human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). HERVs can be variably expressed, and both beneficial and detrimental effects have described. This review focuses on the MSRV and syncytin-1 HERV-W elements in relationship to neurodegeneration in view of their neuro-pathogenic and immune-pathogenic properties. Mu...

Leishmaniasis is a neglected vector-borne tropical infection considered to be a disease of the poor. Concentrated in poverty-stricken countries within Southeast Asia, East Africa, and Latin America, it is also endemic in several Mediterranean countries. The management of the heterogeneous syndromes determined by parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania is particularly difficult in developed, no...


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