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Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

12:28 EDT 26th May 2016 | BioPortfolio

Investigating the health effects of low doses of ionizing radiation is considered to be one of the most important fields in radiological protection research. Although the definition of low dose given by a dose range seems to be clear, it leaves some open questions. For example, the time frame and the target volume in which absorbed dose is measured have to be defined. While dose rate is considered...

Damage to the gut mucosa is a probable contributory cause of death from ingested Po. Therefore, medical products are needed that can prevent, mitigate, and/or repair gastrointestinal (GI) damage caused by high-LET radiation emitted by Po. The present studies investigated the capacity of a diet highly enriched with vitamins A, C, and E (vitamin ACE) to protect against intestinal mucosal damage indi...

The predictions of the wound model described in NCRP Report No. 156, coupled with the systemic model described in ICRP 67, were compared with the actual urinary excretion data and wound retention data from nonhuman primates injected intramuscularly or subcutaneously with Pu(IV) citrate. The results indicated that the early behavior of Pu(IV) citrate in wounds can be adequately described by the def...

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Added: 2016-07-01 08:00:00

Asthma is a common respiratory disease characterized by airway inflammation, bronchoconstriction and airway hyperresponsiveness and symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Allergic rhinitis is a common comorbidity in asthma and glucocorticoids are the key stone in the treatment of both diseases. Mometasone furoate is a potent synthetic steroid with a very high...

A simultaneous turn and step motion is a vital component of many complex movements and may provide insight into age related balance and stability deficits during a weight transfer task. In this study, nine young adults and ten healthy, community dwelling older adults performed a simultaneous "turn and step" task from a quiet standing position under two self-selected speeds, self-paced and as quick...

The uptake of precious metals from electronic waste is of environmental significance and potential commercial value. A facile bioreductive synthesis is described for Au nanoparticles (ca. 20 nm) supported on N-doped carbon (Au@NC), which was derived from Au/Pycnoporus sanguineus cells. The interface and charge transport between Au and N-doped carbon were confirmed by HRTEM and XPS. Au@NC was emp...

We examine the effects of nanoparticle addition at low concentration on the evaporation kinetics of droplets in the constant radius mode. The evaporative behaviour of deionized water and Al2O3 nanoparticle laden water on an aluminium substrate was observed at atmospheric and at different sub-atmospheric pressures. The two fluids exhibit the same evaporative behaviour, independent of the droplet vo...

Recently, there has been considerable interest in using 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) to inhibit hyaluronan synthesis in mouse models of cancer, autoimmunity, and a variety of other inflammatory disorders where hyaluronan (HA) has been implicated in disease pathogenesis. In order to facilitate future studies in this area, we have examined the dosing, treatment route, treatment duration, and metabol...

The individual burden of disease in hand eczema patients is considerable. However, little is known about the socio-economic impact of this disease. The aims of this review were to evaluate the literature on cost-of-illness in hand eczema, and to compose a checklist for future use. The literature was retrieved from the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases up to October 2015. Quality evaluation was based on...

The representation of object categories is a classical question in cognitive neuroscience and compelling evidence has identified specific brain regions showing preferential activation to categories of evolutionary significance. However, the potential contributions to category processing by tuning the connectivity patterns are largely unknown. Adopting a continuous multicategory paradigm, we obtain...

Tuning a semiconductor nanomaterial with large three-photon absorption (3PA) cross section in the near infrared and investigating the relationship between the nanostructure and nonlinear optical properties is a challenging topic, which is of significance in potential applications. Here, we report the aspect ratio-related 3PA response of α-FeOOH nanorods (NRs) in the near infrared. Large 3PA cross...

A Zr-based metal-organic framework with zinc tetrakis(carboxyphenyl)-porphyrin (ZnTCPP) groups (MOF-525-Zn) was utilized to develop a novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor for highly sensitive protein kinase activity assay. In this work, in terms of ECL measurements and cyclic voltammetry, the cathodic ECL behaviors of MOF-525-Zn in aqueous media were thoroughly investigated for the first...

Transradial access (TRA) has reduced vascular access-site complication (VASC) and bleeding rates in patients undergoing coronary angiography and intervention. A "radial-first" approach should be adopted and indications of TRA extended in order to maximize its beneficial effect. However, in certain clinical scenarios, transfemoral access (TFA) is a preferable or a mandatory route to successfully pe...

A phenylenediamine-capped conjugate of calix[4]arene (Lamino ) was synthesized by reducing its precursor, Limino , with sodium borohydride in methanol. The Lamino sample binds to anions due to the more flexible and bent conformation of the capped aminophenolic binding core, compared to the precursor Limino . The Lamino sample showed selectivity towards H2 PO4 (-) by exhibiting a ratiometric increa...

Prior studies indicated higher collision rates among young novice drivers with peer passengers. This driving simulator study provided a test for a dual process theory of risky driving by examining social rewards (peer passengers) and cognitive control (inhibitory control). The analyses included age (17-18 yrs, n=30; 21-24 yrs, n=20). Risky, distracting, and protective effects were classified by un...

The reduction of NaCl in food is a public health priority; high NaCl intakes have been associated with serious health problems. However, it is reported that reducing the NaCl content of cheeses may lead to an increase in the content of biogenic amines (BAs). The present work examines the effect of NaCl on the accumulation of putrescine (one of the BAs often detected at high concentration in cheese...

Differences in DNA methylation have been associated with early life adversity, suggesting that alterations in methylation function as one pathway through which adverse early environments are biologically embedded. This study examined associations between exposure to institutional care, quantified as the proportion of time in institutional care at specified follow-up assessment ages, and DNA methyl...

The western corn rootworm (WCR), Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, is the most important pest of corn in the U.S. Corn Belt. Economic estimates indicate that costs of control and yield loss associated with WCR damage exceed $1 billion annually. Historically, corn rootworm management has been extremely difficult because of its ability to evolve resistance to both chemical insecticides and cultural co...

SMARCB1 inactivation occurs in a variety of tumors, being caused by various genetic mechanisms. Since SMARCB1 and EWSR1 genes are located close to each other on at the chromosome 22, larger SMARCB1 deletions may encompass the EWSR1 locus. Herein, we report four cases with SMARCB1-deletions showing concurrent EWSR1 gene abnormalities by FISH, which lead initially to misinterpretations as EWSR1-rear...

This is a report on a study of the adsorption characteristics of ethane on aggregates of unopened dahlia-like carbon nanohorns. This sorbent presents two main groups of adsorption sites: the outside surface of individual nanohorns and deep, interstitial spaces between neighbouring nanohorns towards the interior of the aggregates. We have explored the equilibrium properties of the adsorbed ethane f...

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been reported to have putative health effects including the prevention of inflammation and obesity. Historically, polyphenols have been regarded as anti-nutritionals and while such effects may be beneficial in obese subjects, they may be deleterious in nutritionally-compromised individuals.

Leukemic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases (PTLD) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are extremely rare. We can successfully treat an EBV-associated leukemic lymphoma patient with rituximab, cidofovir, and donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). In the present case, EBV-specific T cells that were present in the peripheral blood befo...

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