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Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

15:11 EDT 27th September 2016 | BioPortfolio

We have measured the single molecule conductance of 1,n-alkanedithiol molecular bridges (n = 4, 6, 8, 10, 12) on a graphene substrate using STM formed electrical junctions. The conductance values of this homologous series ranged from 2.3 nS (n=12) to 53 nS (n=4), with a decay constant βN of 0.40 per methylene (-CH2) group. This result is explained by a combination of density functional theory (DF...

A complete series of 5-substituted uracil or cytosine, as well as 7-substituted 7-deazaadenine and 7-deazaguanine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) bearing substituents of increasing bulkiness (H, Me, vinyl, ethynyl and phenyl) were systematically studied in competitive primer extension in presence of their natural counterparts (non-modified dNTPs) and their kinetic data were determined...

Differentiation of solvents having similar physicochemical properties, such as ethanol and methanol, is an important issue of interest. However, without performing chemical analyses, discrimination between methanol and ethanol is highly challenging due to their similarity in chemical structure as well as properties. Here, we present a novel type of alcohol and water sensor based on the subtle diff...

We investigated the reaction of manganese oxide [MnOx(s)] with phenol, aniline and triclosan in batch experiments using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, and aqueous chemistry measurements. Analyses of high resolution Mn 3s and Mn 3p XPS spectra suggest that Mn(III) and Mn(II) increase in the surface of reacted MnOx(s), indicating that the oxidation of organic compounds c...

Due to bacterial drug resistance, a new series of quinazolinone azolyl ethanols were synthesized and evaluated.

Little is known about factors associated with the receipt of medication information among arthritis patients. This study explores information source receipt and associations between demographic and clinical/patient characteristics and the amount of arthritis medication information patients receive. Adult patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 328) completed an online ...

Narcolepsy-cataplexy (NC) is a chronic neurological disease with suggested autoimmune etiopathogenesis. Nicotine stimulates central nervous system and smoking increases the risk of autoimmune diseases. Assessment of smoking habits and its correlation to clinical parameters among 87 adult NC patients (38 male, 49 female) included night polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test. In our sample,...

Cysteine-cysteine chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) with immunoregulatory and inflammatory activities has an important role in granuloma formations that activates and stimulates T-cells and macrophages. Cysteine-cysteine chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a chemokine receptor, which is important for migration of immune cells to site of infection. In the present study we investigated the possible association b...

Studies on the time course of ACTH- or insulin-induced hypoglycemia stimulating adrenal androgens are usually limited to dehydroepiandrosterone and/or its sulphate. Our data on dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its hydroxylated metabolites clearly show that measurements of DHEA and its sulphate (DHEAS) are valuable markers of the integrity of the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis. Assessme...

Intestinal anastomosis healing is a complex physiological process in which many local and systemic factors play a role. One of the significant cytokines in this process is TNF-α. Infliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody which binds to TNF-α with high affinity. Although this agent is used in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, intestinal surgery may be required in these patients. In this ...

We report on a very rare case of diagnosis and successful surgical treatment of three young family members with a four-fold presentation of thoracic outlet syndrome. In the relevant family case, we are considering and discussing the population incidence, a possible HOX genes disorder, and a significant phenotypic presentation.

Currently, Ormond's disease is classified among IgG4-associated diseases. Its clinical manifestation varies and is characterized by the presence of fibrous retroperitoneal tissue that often affects the ureters or abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. We present a unique case of the polycystic form of Ormond's disease, imitating tumour in the retroperitoneal space. At the time of diagnosis, the disea...

Malignant melanoma is a malignancy located predominantly in the skin and the incidence of melanoma increases. We compared the markers of bone metabolism - osteocalcin (OC), beta-carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CrossLaps, β-CTx) and tumour marker - human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in the serum with finding during the entry examination and the check-up of whole-body ...

Trichotillomania appears to be a fairly common disorder, with high rates of co-occurring anxiety disorders. Many individuals with trichotillomania also report that pulling worsens during periods of increased anxiety. Even with these clinical links to anxiety, little research has explored whether trichotillomania with co-occurring anxiety is a meaningful subtype.

Cyasterone was demonstrated potential inhibition effect in mouse skin carcinoma cells in published report. However, the molecular mechanisms of the cyasterone on cells remain unknown. Herein, we investigated the effects of cyasterone-induced apoptosis in A549 and MGC823 cells in vitro. MTT assay showed that cyasterone caused a significantly decreasing of the proliferation of A549 and MGC823 cells ...

Green tea polyphenolic catechins have been shown to prevent various types of diseases such as pulmonary hypertension (PAH), cancer and cardiac and neurological disorders. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the development of PAH. The present study demonstrated that among the four green tea catechins (EGCG, ECG, EC and EGC), EGCG and ECG inhibit pro-/active MMP-9 activities ...

Relaxin is safe and efficient to use for treating acute heart failure. However, the electrophysiological and arrhythmogenic effects of relaxin in an experimental healing infarction model remain unknown. In this study, a rat model with myocardial infarction (MI) received relaxin (0.5mg/kg per day) or vehicle (sodium acetate) infusion via implantable mini-pumps for 2 weeks. Thereafter, hemodynamic m...

Hemostasis initiates a wound healing process and stops bleeding of blood within a damaged tissue, an important process in human and animal systems. However, this process needs to revert temporarily during surgery and analyze the clotting mechanism. In the past decade, heparin has been used widely as an anticoagulant in surgery to prevent unwanted blood clotting as it is not expensive, not difficul...

The solitary kidney (SK) undergoes adaptive phenomena of hyperfunction and hyperfiltration. These secondary adaptive phenomena can make it more vulnerable to potentially nephrotoxic therapies. Adverse reactions of the kidneys to ciprofloxacin are rare, but sometimes severe. Therefore, our study sought to assess the reactions to ciprofloxacin of patients with solitary kidney (SK) and urinary tract ...

Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small fraction of cancer cells lines proved with stem cell characteristics, were regarded as "bad seeds" related to recurrence, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance of breast carcinoma in recent years. So inhibiting the growth or inducing the differentiation and apoptosis of CSCs were considered as one of the effective pathways to fight against breast cancer. Based on...

Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases are neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive neuronal dysfunction. Previous studies revealed that some natural products have neuroprotective properties, including species of the Myrtaceae family. However, the neuromodulatory potential of Calyptranthes grandifolia is not clear. In the present study, we examined the ability of the ethanol and hexa...

Cognitive deficiency and oxidative stress have been well documented in aging disorders including Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of Caralluma tuberculata methanolic extract (CTME) on cognitive impairment in mice induced with d-galactose. In this study we assessed the therapeutic efficacy of CTME on cognitive impairment in mice induced with d-g...

Application of general anesthetics may induce neurotoxicity in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. In this study, we examined the possible protective mechanism and associated signaling pathways of small-molecule glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibitor, SB216763, in bupivacaine-injured mouse DRG neurons in vitro.

In spite of great progress in understanding cancer biology, current therapeutic procedures remain unsatisfactory. Chemotherapy is often followed by secondary effects with cellular toxicity negatively affecting the results. The discovery and development of new safe and efficient antitumor agents is necessary. Derivatives of 2-amino thiophene have been a topic of constant investigation due to their ...

Among various chronic disorders, cancer and diabetes mellitus are the most common disorders. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of hydroalcoholic extract of Phoenix dactylifera L. leaves (HEPdL) in animal models of type II diabetes in vitro/in vivo and in a human melanoma-derived cell line (IGR-39). A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis was also pe...

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