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Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

18:13 EDT 24th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a commonly performed procedure which is technically demanding and involves multiple surgical steps with the potential for a wide range of intraoperative complications. In this article, we review these potential complications and give algorithms for dealing with them based on our experience and published evidence. We discuss the use of both...

The most common site for giant cell tumors (GCT) is knee, where the tumor characteristically extends right up to the subarticular bone plate. Extensive curettage with preservation of the joint should be done wherever possible. The alternatives for filling the void left after curettage are either bone graft or bone cement. Sandwich technique uses the advantages of both, taking care to prevent damag...

Studies on cost containment of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have generated substantial interest over the past decade. Although multiple studies have evaluated the various intraoperative methods to control cost, no prior study has evaluated the economic impact and the clinical outcome based on amount of bone cement needed for a primary TKA. At a minimum of 3 years follow-up, we observed no differe...

Irrigation and debridement (I&D) has been described as a possible option to eradicate early postoperative periprosthetic hip and knee infections, as well as late, acute, and hematogenous ones. Still, the literature fails to uniquely assess the effectiveness of this procedure and often provides conflicting evidence. To reconcile this difference, a systematic review of the available literature from...

Although alpha-synuclein (SNCA) is crucial to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), mutations in the gene appear to be rare. We have recently hypothesized that somatic mutations in early development could contribute to PD.

Disability, an individual's reduced capacity to perform physical tasks encountered in daily routine, is associated with urinary incontinence in the elderly. Our objective was to determine if urinary incontinence is associated with disability in community-dwelling women 40 years and older.

Lung morphometry with hyperpolarized gas diffusion MRI is a highly sensitive technique for the noninvasive measurement of acinar microstructural parameters traditionally only accessible by histology. The goal of this work is to establish the reproducibility of these measurements in healthy volunteers and their dependence on the direction of the applied diffusion-sensitizing gradient.

Corn stover is a potential feedstock for biofuel production. This work investigated physical and chemical changes in plant cell-wall structure of corn stover due to hot compressed water (HCW) pretreatment at 170-190 °C in a tube reactor. Chemical composition analysis showed the soluble hemicellulose content increased with pretreatment temperature, whereas the hemicellulose content decreased from...

Quinolinic acid (QA)-induced neurotoxicity involves a cascade of events such as increased calcium concentration in cytoplasm, exhaustive ATP depletion, oxidative stress, as well as selective GABAergic, dopaminergic, and cholinergic neuronal death. Clinical data hint towards the connection between signalling of dopaminergic system and efficient amelioration of chorea following a tetrabenazine admin...

The results of prior studies assessing the accuracy of panoramic radiographic signs of intimate relationship between inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and impacted molars are controversial. This may be partly due to inadequate objectivity and reliability of these radiographic signs, which is evaluated in the present study.

Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) related to toxic effects of illicit drugs such as cocaine is not very common and might be overshadowed today by the incidence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. However, we present a case which suggests a close relationship between abuse of the illicit drug methamphetamine (MA) and ONJ.

To identify and describe the morphology and location of the canalis sinuosus (CS) and make correlations with gender, age, and distance of this canal to important adjacent structures on the region, thus mapping the anatomy of this structure.

We examined core features of patient suitability for cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and their ability to predict CBT outcomes.

Chemiluminescence (CL) is an important method for quantification and analysis of various macromolecules. A wide range of CL agents such as luminol, hydrogen peroxide, fluorescein, dioxetanes and derivatives of oxalate, and acridinium dyes are used according to their biological specificity and utility. This review describes the application of luminol chemiluminescence (LCL) in forensic, biomedical,...

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules of 22 nucleotides in length that have been characterized as regulators of messenger RNA (mRNA) regulating a number of developmental processes in plants and animals by silencing genes using multiple mechanisms. miRNAs have been extensively studied in various plant species; however, few information are available about miRNAs in perennial ryegrass...

The copper response of Proteus hauseri ZMd44 was determined using one-dimensional (1D) gel electrophoresis coupled with MALDI-TOF-TOF mass spectrometry for a similarity analysis of proteins isolated from P. hauseri ZMd44 cultured in CuSO4-bearing LB medium. Candidate proteins identified as a copper-transporting P-type ATPase (CTPP), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), flagellin (Fla), and o...

Optimal enzyme mixtures of six Trichoderma reesei enzymes and five thermostable enzyme components were developed for the hydrolysis of hydrothermally pretreated wheat straw, alkaline oxidised sugar cane bagasse and steam-exploded bagasse by statistically designed experiments. Preliminary studies to narrow down the optimization parameters showed that a cellobiohydrolase/endoglucanase (CBH/EG) ratio...

Various bioactivities of the starfish hatching enzyme (HE) including collagen gel contraction, MMPs activity, hydroxyproline release, and gene regulation based on the fibroblast-populated collagen lattice (FPCL) in three-dimensional medium were investigated for the improvement of scar and keloid. The starfish HE significantly inhibited the collagen gel contraction over 2 days of culture. MMP-2 an...

The present study was carried out to understand the effect of cortisol on caspase expression in the C2C12 and 3 T3-L1 cells under co-culture system. Cells were co-cultured by using transwell inserts with a 0.4-μm porous membrane to separate C2C12 and 3 T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. Each cell type was grown independently on the transwell plates. Following cell differentiation, inserts containing 3 ...

Nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite were successfully synthesized by microbial method at ambient temperature and pressure, using calcium chloride and specific substrate as reactants. The compositional and morphological properties of products of the syntheses were studied by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmissio...

This discussion considers the role and findings of ethnographic research within a clinical trial of supported employment for veterans with spinal cord injury. Contributing to qualitative evaluation research and to debates over anthropological evidence vis-à-vis clinical trials, we demonstrate how enactors of a randomized controlled trial can simultaneously attend to both the trial's evidentiary a...

Microcalcifications are frequently associated with papillary thyroid cancers. Metastatic nodules from extrathyroid malignancies may mimic primary thyroid neoplasm on sonography, but do not present with microcalcifications. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with a history of invasive ductal carcinomas of bilateral breasts, status post surgery and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Four years after s...

Postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetes could be ameliorated by inhibiting intestinal α-glucosidases, responsible for starch hydrolysis and its absorption. Different parts of banana have been in use in conventional medicinal formulation since ancient times. Its role as antihyperglycemic agent has also been studied. This study was aimed at explaining the mechanism of hypoglycemic effect by ethanol...

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