Advertisement
Advertise here Publish your press releases here Sponsor BioPortfolio
Follow us on Twitter Sign up for daily news and research emails Contributors wanted

In vitro effects of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) leaf extracts on four development stages of Haemonchus contortus.

23:07 EDT 25th July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In vitro effects of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) leaf extracts on four development stages of Haemonchus contortus."

Three extracts (aqueous, methanolic and dichloromethane) of Manihot esculenta (Cassava) leaf were tested in vitro on four development stages of Haemonchus contortus using egg hatch assay (EHA), larval development assay (LDA), L3 migration inhibition assay (LMI) and adult worm motility assay (AWM). Compared to the negative control, significant effects (P<0.0001) were observed for the methanolic extract of leaf against larval development (57.6% +/-7.6), with a dose dependent effect. These results suggest that Cassava possess anthelmintic activity against H. contortus. The active principles responsible for the activity could be the terpenoids and condensed tannin compounds present in the leaf.

Affiliation

Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Recherches Zootechniques, Domaine de Duclos, 97170 Prise d'eau PETIT-BOURG, Guadeloupe (FWI). Carine.Marie-Magdeleine@antilles.inra.fr

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Veterinary parasitology
ISSN: 1873-2550
Pages: 85-92

Links

PubMed Articles [17531 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Sensorial evolution of cassava flour (Manihot esculenta crantz) added to protein concentrate cassava leaves.

Cassava is regarded as the nutritional base of populations in developing countries, and flour, product made of cassava, is the most consumed in the world. The cassava leaves are very rich in vegetable...

C3-C 4 intermediate photosynthetic characteristics of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) : I. Gas exchange.

The gas exchange characteristics of cassava were compared with one C3 species, common bean, and two C4 species, maize and amaranthus. Cassava leaf photorespiration, about 12% of maximum net photosynth...

C3-C 4 intermediate photosynthetic characteristics of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) : II. Initial products of(14)CO 2 fixation.

Cassava, bean and maize leaves were fed with(14)CO2 in light and the primary products of photosynthesis identified 5 and 10 seconds after assimilation. In maize, approximately three quarters of the la...

Cyanide and Aflatoxin Loads of Processed Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Tubers (Garri) in Njaba, Imo State, Nigeria.

The present study sought to investigate the role of palm oil, in conjunction with the duration of fermentation, on cyanide and aflatoxin (AFT) loads of processed cassava tubers (Garri).

Reprogramming of cassava (Manihot esculenta) microspores towards sporophytic development.

Gametes have a unique potential to enter the sporophytic pathway, called androgenesis. The plants produced are usually haploid and recombinant due to the preceding meiosis and they can double their ch...

Clinical Trials [833 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Tea Catechin Extracts on Oxidative Damage

The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of tea catechin extracts on the frequency changes of micronuclei in peripheral lymphocytes compared with other oxidative stress markers...

The Use of Silver Leaf Dressing in the Prevention of Radiotherapy Induced Skin Reactions

The hypothesis is that silver leaf nylon dressing reduces the percentage of patients developing brisk erythema and moist desquamation while undergoing whole breast radiotherapy. The secon...

The Efficacy and Safety of Curcuma Domestica Extracts and Ibuprofen in Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of knee is common degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to decrease pain symptom but someone can not tolerate its gas...

Comparing Allergenic Effects of 3 German Cockroach Extracts in Adults

The purpose of this study is to test and compare the allergenic effects of three commercially available German cockroach allergen extracts in adults. Study hypothesis: The biological pote...

Use of Banana Leaf Dressing on Donor Site Wounds

Prospective Randomized double-blind controlled trial comparing the healing rate, infection rate, pain score, ease of care and scar formation of Banana leaf dressing versus hydrocolloid dre...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A family of histone molecular chaperones that play roles in sperm CHROMATIN decondensation and CHROMATIN ASSEMBLY in fertilized eggs. They were originally discovered in XENOPUS egg extracts as histone-binding factors that mediate nucleosome formation in vitro.

Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)

Plant extracts from several species, including genera STRYCHNOS and Chondodendron, which contain TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLINES that produce PARALYSIS of skeletal muscle. These extracts are toxic and must be used with the administration of artificial respiration.

An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.

Extracts of the thymus that contain specific, but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities; three distinct substances are already known: thymotoxin, thymin and thymosin.

Search BioPortfolio: