Soft drinks consumption, diet quality and BMI in a Mediterranean population.
Summary of "Soft drinks consumption, diet quality and BMI in a Mediterranean population."
Evidence of the effects of soft drinks consumption on BMI and lifestyle in adult populations is mixed and quite limited. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of soft drinks consumption with BMI and lifestyle in a representative Mediterranean population.
Two independent, population-based, cross-sectional (2000 and 2005) studies. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated FFQ. Weight and height were measured.
Random sample of the 35- to 74-year-old population (3910 men and 4285 women).
Less than half (41·7 %) of the population consumed soft drinks; the mean consumption was 36·2 ml/d. The prevalence of sedentary lifestyle increased with the frequency of soft drinks consumption (P = 0·025). Daily soft drinks consumption significantly increased the risk of low adherence to the Mediterranean diet (OR = 0·57, 95 % CI 0·44, 0·74 v. top tertile of Mediterranean diet score). Multiple linear regression analyses, controlled for potential confounders, revealed that an increment in soft drinks consumption of 100 ml was associated with a 0·21 kg/m2 increase in BMI (P = 0·001). Only implausibly low reports of energy consumption showed a null association between soft drinks consumption and BMI.
Soft drinks consumption was not embedded in a healthy diet context and was positively associated with BMI and sedentary lifestyle in this Mediterranean population.
1Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital del Mar - IMIM, Barcelona, Spain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Public health nutrition
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20955643
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010002788
The aim of this study was to assess the quality of diet among the elderly and associations with socio-demographic variables, health-related behaviors, and diseases. A population-based cross-sectional ...
the Mediterranean diet (MD) and model quality diet is associated with a reduction in mortality and an improvement in quality of life in elderly.
The impact of caffeine from energy drinks occurs against a background exposure from naturally occurring caffeine (coffee, tea, cocoa and foods containing these ingredients) and caffeinated beverages (...
Objective: To compare the frequency of consumption of fruits, vegetables and soft drinks among adolescents living in urban and rural areas of Pernambuco State. Methods: A cross-sectional study based o...
The scope of this study was to describe the frequency of consumption of high-fat foods among adults aged 20 to 69 years and to identify associated factors. A population-based cross-sectional study was...
Hyperglycemia forms a direct and independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular co-morbidities in type 2 diabetes. Consumption of sucrose-sweetened soft drinks might further...
The primary aim of this study is to examine the effect of a multi-component intervention, designed to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, on weight gain, total energy intake, ...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of the consumption of two different dietary patterns (low fat versus Mediterranean Diet) on the incidence of cardiovascular events of pe...
Since it is very difficult to have the real thing (Mediterranean diet) we need to find an alternative to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in subjects with moderate hypercholesterol...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a Mediterranean style diet, enriched in monounsaturated and omega-3 fats, is superior to the American Heart Association Step 2 diet, a tra...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, cereals and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
Preservative for wines, soft drinks, and fruit juices and a gentle esterifying agent.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.