Advertisement

Topics

Plant volatile terpenoid metabolism: biosynthetic genes, transcriptional regulation and subcellular compartmentation.

Summary of "Plant volatile terpenoid metabolism: biosynthetic genes, transcriptional regulation and subcellular compartmentation."

Volatile terpenoids released from different plant parts play crucial roles in pollinator attraction, plant defense, and interaction with the surrounding environment. Two distinct pathways localized in different subcellular compartments are responsible for the biosynthesis of these compounds. Recent advances in the characterization of genes and enzymes responsible for substrate and end product biosynthesis as well as efforts in metabolic engineering have revealed new aspects of volatile terpenoid biosynthesis. This review summarizes recent progress in the characterization of volatile terpenoid biosynthetic genes, their spatio-temporal expression patterns and subcellular localization of corresponding proteins. In addition, recent information obtained from metabolic engineering is discussed.

Affiliation

Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, PO CIMAP, Lucknow, India. da.nagegowda@cimap.res.in

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEBS letters
ISSN: 1873-3468
Pages: 2965-73

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18833 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Silencing the Transcriptional Repressor, ZCT1, Illustrates the Tight Regulation of Terpenoid Indole Alkaloid Biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus Hairy Roots.

The Catharanthus roseus plant is the source of many valuable terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs), including the anticancer compounds vinblastine and vincristine. Transcription factors (TFs) are promisin...

Expression of Terpenoid Biosynthetic Genes and Accumulation of Chemical Constituents in Valeriana fauriei.

Valeriana fauriei (V. fauriei), which emits a characteristic and unpleasant odor, is important in traditional medicine. In this study, the expression of terpenoid biosynthetic genes was investigated i...

Complex Regulation of Plant Phosphate Transporters and the Gap Between Molecular Mechanisms and Practical Application: What Are Missing?

It has been almost 25 years since the first report of the gene encoding a high-affinity phosphate transporter (PT), PHO84, in yeast. Since then an increasing number of yeast PHO84 homologues as well a...

The regulation of ascorbate biosynthesis.

We review the regulation of ascorbate (vitamin C) biosynthesis, focusing on the l-galactose pathway. We discuss the regulation of ascorbate biosynthesis at the level of gene transcription (both repres...

Overexpression of a synthetic insect-plant geranyl pyrophosphate synthase gene in Camelina sativa alters plant growth and terpene biosynthesis.

A novel plastidial homodimeric insect-plant geranyl pyrophosphate synthase gene is synthesized from three different cDNA origins. Its overexpression in Camelina sativa effectively alters plant develop...

Clinical Trials [2619 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Genetic Basis for Heterogeneity in Response of Plasma Lipids to Plant Sterols

The present study's goal is to identify a genetic basis for variations in responsiveness to plant sterol use, and elucidate which components of control of cholesterol metabolism associate ...

Evaluation of an Early Screening Test of Chronic Rejection and of Operational Tolerance by MicroArray in Renal Graft (Protocol DPRC Array)

The aim of the study is to explore the possibility to identify, at an early stage after a renal graft and from blood samples collected within first months after graft, a predictive transcr...

The Influence of Dietary Plant Sterols and Plant Stanols on Cholesterol and Plant Sterol Levels in Atheromatous Plaques

This study aims to explore whether the increased supply of dietary plant sterols and plant stanols have any influence on serum levels of phytosterols and on consistency of carotid atheroma...

Genetic Regulation of Surfactant Deficiency

Inherited deficiencies in any one of 3 genes (surfactant protein B, surfactant protein C, and ATP-binding cassette transporter A3) can cause neonatal respiratory distress syndrome by disru...

Feasibility Study Testing Transcriptional Responses as an Indicator of Individualised Responses to Radiation Effects

Peripheral blood samples will be taken with informed consent from radiotherapy patients undergoing standard radiotherapy at The Royal Marsden before and during treatment for breast, lung, ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.

A family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that control expression of a variety of GENES involved in CELL CYCLE regulation. E2F transcription factors typically form heterodimeric complexes with TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR DP1 or transcription factor DP2, and they have N-terminal DNA binding and dimerization domains. E2F transcription factors can act as mediators of transcriptional repression or transcriptional activation.

Cellular DNA-binding proteins encoded by the c-jun genes (GENES, JUN). They are involved in growth-related transcriptional control. There appear to be three distinct functions: dimerization (with c-fos), DNA-binding, and transcriptional activation. Oncogenic transformation can take place by constitutive expression of c-jun.

Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.

Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article