Prostate Cancer Screening.
Summary of "Prostate Cancer Screening."
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American men. Although the use of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test for prostate cancer screening since the 1990s has led to increased early diagnoses, the most recent studies are in conflict about the risks and benefits of routine prostate cancer screening. Recently, evidence has emerged to support the use of the PSA test to lower mortality, but there is still concern that over-diagnosis may lead to over-treatment of cancers that would not significantly affect patients' health for several years. This article describes the results of important recent prostate cancer screening trials, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and American Cancer Society screening guidelines, and discusses the implications for clinical practice.
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1155 Pressler Street, Cancer Prevention Center, Unit 1360, Houston, TX, 77030, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current oncology reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20981510
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11912-010-0136-x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Prostate cancer screening rates are higher than colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates, despite the established benefit of screening in reducing CRC incidence and mortality. We used data from the 200...
The population-level data demonstrate that the inception of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has lowered mortality for prostate cancer over the past 2 decades. However, more recent evidence f...
The objective of this study was to determine whether screening for prostate cancer (PC) reduces PC mortality and, if so, whether the required criteria to be introduced as a population-based screening...
Debate about the use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests to screen prostate cancer in men is ongoing. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer after skin cancer in men and the second most deadly...
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Due to the disputed efficacy of prostate cancer (CaP) screening and treatment, most authorities recommend that providers inform and involve patients in CaP screening decisions.
Interventions to Improve Shared Decision-Making: Prostate Cancer Screening is a prospective study of educational interventions to improve the interaction of physicians and their patients a...
There is controversy concerning the preferred treatment for men with localized prostate cancer with regard to the relative effectiveness of different treatments in controlling the cancer a...
RATIONALE: Screening may help doctors find prostate cancer sooner, when it may be easier to treat. PURPOSE: This research study is looking at whether patients who are being screened for...
This project is a community based participatory research collaboration that will enable increased informed decision making (IDM) for prostate cancer screening in Hispanic and African-Ameri...