False memories in schizophrenia? An imagination inflation study.

02:47 EDT 7th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "False memories in schizophrenia? An imagination inflation study."

Data showing how schizophrenia patients tend to be more susceptible to false memories have been rather mixed and, as far as we know, no studies have investigated whether patients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder are particularly prone to imagination inflation effects, that is, whether repeatedly imagining an action increases the likelihood of remembering the action as having been performed. In this study, a group of patients with psychosis and a group of normal controls were asked to perform or to imagine performing simple action statements one or four times in a single study session. In a test session that occurred 24 h later, participants were instructed to discriminate whether the action statement had been carried out, imagined or whether it was new (a source monitoring task). The primary finding was that patients were more susceptible to source-monitoring errors than controls, especially in terms of considering an imagined action as having been performed. However, both groups showed comparable levels of imagination inflation effects. Results add evidence to the hypothesis that the nature of patients' false memories may be particularly linked to poor use of source-monitoring processes.

Affiliation

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Chieti, Italy; Online University "L. DaVinci", Chieti, Italy.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Psychiatry research
ISSN: 0165-1781
Pages: 267-73

Links

PubMed Articles [16622 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

True (but not false) memories are subject to retrieval-induced forgetting in children.

Veridical and false memories of children aged 6 to 15 years were studied in two experiments with the retrieval-induced forgetting paradigm. Using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory word l...

Factors that influence the generation of autobiographical memory conjunction errors.

The constructive nature of memory is generally adaptive, allowing us to efficiently store, process and learn from life events, and simulate future scenarios to prepare ourselves for what may come. How...

Brief report: Violent false memories and engagement in aggressive and delinquent behavior: An investigation in adolescents.

The present study investigates the relationship between violent false memories and delinquent and aggressive behavior in a sample of adolescents. Two hundred eleven participants completed measures of ...

Mindfulness and False-Memories: The Impact of Mindfulness Practice on the DRM Paradigm.

ABSTRACT Mindfulness practice is the cultivation of awareness to the present moment and has been shown in recent years to have beneficial effects on cognition. However, to date, the data regarding the...

Misremembering What You See or Hear: Dissociable Effects of Modality on Short- and Long-Term False Recognition.

False working memories readily emerge using a visual item-recognition variant of the converging associates task. Two experiments, manipulating study and test modality, extended prior working memory re...

Clinical Trials [984 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Propranolol Treatment of Traumatic Memories (PTTM)

This study will compare the responses of subjects with traumatic memories of varying vintages to either propranolol or placebo in a double-blind setting. It is hypothesized that those subj...

Comparison Trial of White Light, Autofluorescence and Narrow Band Imaging Bronchoscopy

The purpose of the study is to compare the three methods of bronchoscopic imaging to determine what combination is optimum to identify neoplastic mucosal abnormalities. The ability to dec...

Clinical Study Of Schizophrenia in Both Men and Women

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a marketed drug in the treatment of schizophrenia, as an add-on therapy to antipsychotics over a 12-week period. Subjects wi...

A Multi-Site Study of Strategies for Implementing Schizophrenia Guidelines

Schizophrenia, a chronic psychiatric disorder, is the second most frequent VA discharge diagnosis. Medication management practices for schizophrenia often are not guideline-concordant and ...

Schizophrenia Study In Adults

A Placebo Controlled Study For Patients With Schizophrenia

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.

A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.

An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.

A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.

Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Schizophrenia
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Schizophrenia is a common  serious long-term mental health condition that affects 5 in 1000 in the UK. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms; hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts based on the hallucinations or delusions and ch...

Advertisement