Relation of health-related quality of life to metabolic syndrome, obesity, depression and comorbid illnesses.
Summary of "Relation of health-related quality of life to metabolic syndrome, obesity, depression and comorbid illnesses."
Background:Metabolic syndrome has been associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in several studies. Many studies used only one HRQoL measure and failed to adjust for important confounding variables, including obesity, depression and comorbid conditions.Objective:To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and HRQoL using multiple measures. We also sought to determine whether increasing body mass index or diabetes status further modified this relationship.Methods:This cross-sectional study included 390 obese participants with elevated waist circumference and at least one other criterion for metabolic syndrome. Of these 390 participants, 269 had metabolic syndrome (that is, they met 3 out of the 5 criteria specified by the NCEP (National Cholesterol Education Program)) and 121 did not. Participants were enrolled in a primary care-based weight-reduction trial. HRQoL was assessed using two generic instruments, the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 12 and the EuroQol-5D, as well as an obesity-specific measure, the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life. Differences in HRQoL were compared among participants with and without metabolic syndrome. Multivariable linear regression was used to determine how HRQoL varied according to metabolic syndrome status, and whether factors including weight, depression and burden of comorbid disease modified this relationship.Results:Metabolic syndrome was not associated with HRQoL as assessed by any of the measures. In univariable analysis, depression, disease burden and employment status were significantly associated with worse HRQoL on all instruments. In multivariable models, only depression remained significantly associated with reduced HRQoL on all measures. Increasing obesity and diabetes status did not modify the relationship between metabolic syndrome and HRQoL.Conclusion:In contrast to previous studies, metabolic syndrome was not associated with impaired HRQoL as assessed by multiple measures. This suggests that metabolic syndrome in itself is not associated with decreased HRQoL, but other factors such as obesity, depression and greater disease burden may significantly influence the quality of life in this population.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 2 November 2010; doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.230.
 Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA  Department of Psychiatry, Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, University of Pennsylvania School o
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of obesity (2005)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21042326
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2010.230
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
Quality-adjusted Life Years
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Quality Of Health Care
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Cost Of Illness
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Health Care Quality, Access, And Evaluation
The concept concerned with all aspects of the quality, accessibility, and appraisal of health care and health care delivery.
Objective:To assess the prospective relationship between obesity and health-related quality of life, including a novel assessment of the impact of health-related quality of life on weight gain.Design...
Obesity is one of the constellation of factors that make up the definition of the metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is also associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia,...
Health-related quality of life is being emphasized because people who are living with a chronic illness are demanding that the qualities of their lives are enhanced. Health-related quality of life def...
It remains unclear whether abdominal obesity increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk independent of the metabolic abnormalities that often accompany it. Therefore, the objective of this study was...
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities associated with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Apart from its powerful antioxidant properties, the pineal gland hormone mela...
Periodontal disease is associated with the components of Metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Therefore, strong relation with periodontal disease...
Metabolic syndrome is directly related to obesity. This study investigated the use of a plant based formulation to improve on the condition of people with metabolic syndrome.
The aim of this study is to compare a multimedia, computerised approach vs. interviewer administration of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments.
The purpose of this study is to assess the health related quality of life of subjects who have Hereditary Multiple Exostoses and to develop a disease specific quality of life survey. Our...
Obesity is considered as the epidemic of the century. Central obesity is one of the metabolic syndrome's features. It has been proven that obesity can cause back pain and headaches; thus,...