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Scleroderma, or systemic sclerosis, is a clinically heterogeneous disease characterized by fibroproliferative vasculopathy, tissue fibrosis affecting the skin and internal organs, and autoimmune activation. Many biomarker candidates have been identified in the past two decades; however, fully validated measures are still lacking with regard to aiding in the early diagnosis and reflecting the disease activity, severity, prognosis, and response to therapy. An ideal biomarker should be highly sensitive and specific, reflecting the current status of disease; should be related to the disease activity and/or severity in accordance with the clinical evolution; should anticipate clinical changes before they occur; and should add independent information about the risk or prognosis that is reproducible and feasible. This review focuses on the most recent and innovative approaches to identify biomarkers, such as extensive gene expression analysis and proteomics, and on markers and surrogate outcome measures closer to clinical practice, and attempts to evaluate them through the OMERACT (Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials) filter.
Scleroderma Research Centre, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, Section of Musculoskeletal Diseases, Chapel Allerton Hospital, University of Leeds, Second Floor, Chapeltown Road, Leeds, LS7 4SA, UK, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current rheumatology reports
In this review of the literature from 2014 through mid-2015, we examine new data that shed light on how macrophages and other innate immune cells and signals contribute to inflammation, vascular dysfu...
Recent data suggest a paraneoplastic mechanism of scleroderma pathogenesis in unique subsets of scleroderma patients. In this article, we review these data, explore potential links between cancer and ...
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) (and NMO spectrum disorder) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the CNS primarily affecting spinal cord and optic nerves. Reliable and sensitive biomarkers for onset, r...
The finding of hardening and thickening of the skin is common and can be encountered in immune mediated, metabolic, neoplastic, toxic, genetic diseases, or associated with protein deposits. The lack o...
Raynaud phenomenon (RP) and associated digital ischemia can be among the most vexing clinical problems for patients with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Understanding the treatment approach to RP an...
Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of unknown origin. Recently, the role of environmental factors, and particularly toxic drug exposure, in the genesis of scleroderma has been suggested....
This Study is a collaborative project with partners (people with scleroderma and stakeholders) designed to refine an internet program for patients with scleroderma and to compare the inter...
Scleroderma is likely caused by a combination of factors, including an external trigger (infection or other exposure) and a genetic predisposition. The Scleroderma Registry will conduct ge...
The overall objective of the Scleroderma Registry is to support and promote the basic science and clinical research of this complex rheumatic disease at the Hospital for Special Surgery (H...
Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease that involves the skin and other internal organs for which there are few effective treatment options. We hypoth...
The least progressive form of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA with skin thickening restricted to the face, neck and areas distal to the elbows and/or knees, sparing the trunk. The CREST SYNDROME is a form of limited scleroderma.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
A rapid onset form of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA with progressive widespread SKIN thickening over the arms, the legs and the trunk, resulting in stiffness and disability.
A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.
A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...