Prevalence and correlates of psychotic symptoms among Asian males.
Summary of "Prevalence and correlates of psychotic symptoms among Asian males."
Psychotic symptoms have been reported at varying rates in the general population in the West. We studied the association of psychotic symptoms with educational attainment and other psychiatric disorders in 23,248 male pre-enlistees for National Service in Singapore.
In a 2-stage assessment, these enlistees were first screened with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-24) and the CRAFFT. Those screened positive were then assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) to establish the presence of psychiatric disorders based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV).
The rate of psychotic symptoms (after excluding those with psychotic disorders) was 8.2% (n = 1,909). A multinomial logistic regression using the controls as the reference group revealed that younger age, lower PSLE scores, and mood and anxiety disorder remained significantly associated with both the diagnoses of psychotic disorders and the presence of psychotic symptoms.
A combination of categorical and dimensional representation of psychopathology for the diagnosis of psychotic disorders would better inform treatment and prognosis as there is a considerable overlap in the presentation of psychotic symptoms and psychotic disorders.
Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Republic of Singapore, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21046067
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0318-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in schizophrenia, senile dementia, transient psychosis following surgery or myocardial infarction, etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)
A familial form of PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait. These patients have a karyotype of 46,XY with end-organ resistance to androgen due to mutations in the androgen receptor (RECEPTORS, ANDROGEN) gene. Severity of the defect in receptor quantity or quality correlates with their phenotypes. In these genetic males, the phenotypic spectrum ranges from those with normal female external genitalia, through those with genital ambiguity as in Reifenstein Syndrome, to that of a normal male with INFERTILITY.
Enlargement of the BREAST in the males, caused by an excess of ESTROGENS. Physiological gynecomastia is normally observed in NEWBORNS; ADOLESCENT; and AGING males.
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