Monitoring Fluidized Bed Drying of Pharmaceutical Granules.
Summary of "Monitoring Fluidized Bed Drying of Pharmaceutical Granules."
Placebo granules consisting of lactose monohydrate, corn starch, and polyvinylpyrrolidone were prepared using de-ionized water in a high-shear mixer and dried in a conical fluidized bed dryer at various superficial gas velocities. Acoustic, vibration, and pressure data obtained over the course of drying was analyzed using various statistical, frequency, fractal, and chaos techniques. Traditional monitoring methods were also used for reference. Analysis of the vibration data showed that the acceleration levels decreased during drying and reached a plateau once the granules had reached a final moisture content of 1-2 wt.%; this plateau did not differ significantly between superficial gas velocities, indicating a potential criterion to support drying endpoint identification. Acoustic emissions could not reliably identify the drying endpoint. However, high kurtosis values of acoustic emissions measured in the filtered air exhaust corresponded to high entrainment rates. This could be used for process control to adjust the fluidization gas velocity to allow drying to continue rapidly while minimizing entrainment and possible product losses.
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5B9, Canada, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AAPS PharmSciTech
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21061102
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-010-9538-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
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