Contrasting rDNA Evolution in Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) and Common Bean (P. vulgaris L., Fabaceae).
Summary of "Contrasting rDNA Evolution in Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) and Common Bean (P. vulgaris L., Fabaceae)."
Phaseolus vulgaris has two 5S rDNA sites in chromosomes 6 and 10 and from two up to nine 45S rDNA sites depending on the accession. The presence of three 45S rDNA sites, in chromosomes 6, 9 and 10, is considered the ancestral state for the species. For P. lunatus, only one 5S and one 45S rDNA sites in distinct chromosomes were known. In order to investigate the homeologies among these rDNA-bearing chromosomes and the stability of the rDNA sites in P. lunatus, rDNA and P. vulgaris chromosome-specific probes were hybridized in situ to P. lunatus. The chromosomes bearing the 5S and the 45S rDNA of P. lunatus are homeologous to chromosomes 10 and 6 of P. vulgaris, respectively. In contrast to the common bean, no variation in the number of rDNA loci was detected, except for a duplication of the 5S rDNA in the same chromosome in a small group of cultivars. These results suggest that the 5S rDNA site in chromosome 10 and the 45S rDNA site in chromosome 6 represent the ancestral loci in the genus. The 5S rDNA site in chromosome 10 of P. vulgaris is located in the long arm, while in P. lunatus it is present in the short arm, suggesting the occurrence of a transposition or a pericentric inversion after separation of both lineages.
Laboratory of Plant Cytogenetics, Department of Botany, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cytogenetic and genome research
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
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