Anorectal melanoma with a KIT-activating mutation, which is a target for tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
Summary of "Anorectal melanoma with a KIT-activating mutation, which is a target for tyrosine kinase inhibitor."
Recent advances in our understanding of the genetic mutations associated with melanoma have led to the classification of distinct melanoma subtypes. A number of reports have consistently demonstrated that mucosal and acral melanomas more commonly harbor KIT-activating mutations than do other subtypes. Success in treating gastrointestinal stromal tumors with imatinib has led to speculation that KIT-mutated melanoma might also be effectively managed using this approach. A 78-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of rectal bleeding. A colonoscopy revealed a black polypoid mass, 30 mm in diameter, originating near the dentate line, and a biopsy revealed malignant melanoma. Computed tomography showed multiple liver and lung metastases. A KIT mutation analysis showed the L576P mutation in exon 11. The patient did not want to undergo chemotherapy including a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, so palliative radiotherapy for rectal symptoms was performed, but the patient died 4 months later due to disease progression. We describe the first case of anorectal melanoma with a KIT-activating mutation in Japan and summarize findings from the literature regarding the efficacy of KIT kinase inhibitors on this melanoma subtype.
Department of Gastroenterology, Kushiro City General Hospital, 1-12, Shunkodai, Kushiro, 085-0822, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of clinical oncology / Japan Society of Clinical Oncology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21069551
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-010-0139-5
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A 120-kDa RAS GTPase-activating protein that binds to tyrosine phosphoproteins through its SH2 domains. The 100-kDa RNA-splicing variant (p100 GAP protein) is expressed in placenta.
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
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