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The use of talc for inducing chemical sclerosis in the pleural cavity dates back to 1935. Insufflation (also known as talc poudrage) and instillation have been the techniques used for administering talc. We describe a surgical technique to insufflate talc in the pleural cavity using an ingenious method at no additional cost that ensures effective, widespread talc dispersion and good results.
Cardiothoracic Unit, Victoria and Albert Ward, Kings College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, UK, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether silver nitrate (SN) is an effective means of pleurodesis. A total of 42 papers were identified ...
Complicated (recurring or persistent) spontaneous pneumothorax requires intervention either by surgical or nonsurgical pleurodesis or other interventions. As for high-risk patients, aggressive interve...
The efficacy of indwelling pleural catheter placement versus placement plus talc sclerosant in patients with malignant pleural effusions managed exclusively as outpatients (IPC-PLUS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) remain a common problem, with 40,000 new cases in the United Kingdom each year and up to 250,000 in the United States. Traditional management of MPE usually involves...
Tunneled pleural catheter (TPC) has been widely used to control malignant pleural effusion (MPE); however, it is still not clear whether it is more effective than chemical pleurodesis. We performed a ...
Malignant pleural effusions (MPE) are frequent consequences of malignant disease and significantly impair the quality of life (QoL) of patients. There are two main options for the palliation of MPE-re...
Pleurodesis is a technique used to fuse the two layers of the lining over the lung. This is done to get rid of collections of fluid or air in this space. A common reason would be cancer ...
RATIONALE: Video-assisted surgery to remove part of the tissue layer covering the inside of the chest cavity may be effective in treating pleural effusion and cause less damage to normal t...
A Prospective Randomised Study of Efficacy, Safety and Costs of Talc Pleurodesis Under Medical Thoracoscopy and Pleurodesis Under Video-assisted Thoracoscopy Surgery for Recurrent Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax
Treatment of recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax remains controversial and many therapeutic options exist. The aim of this study is to compare pleural symphysis by talc poudrage dur...
Aim of this study is to compare two methods of pleurodesis for refractory malignant pleural effusions, in terms of safety and efficacy.
RATIONALE: It is not yet known whether pleurodesis using a chest tube with infusions of talc is more effective in improving quality of life than pleurodesis using a small catheter in treat...
An abnormally rapid ventricular rhythm usually in excess of 150 beats per minute. It is generated within the ventricle below the BUNDLE OF HIS, either as autonomic impulse formation or reentrant impulse conduction. Depending on the etiology, onset of ventricular tachycardia can be paroxysmal (sudden) or nonparoxysmal, its wide QRS complexes can be uniform or polymorphic, and the ventricular beating may be independent of the atrial beating (AV dissociation).
A generic term for a variety of compounds that contain silicon, oxygen, and magnesium, and may contain hydrogen. Examples include TALC and some kinds of ASBESTOS.
A common neoplasm of early childhood arising from neural crest cells in the sympathetic nervous system, and characterized by diverse clinical behavior, ranging from spontaneous remission to rapid metastatic progression and death. This tumor is the most common intraabdominal malignancy of childhood, but it may also arise from thorax, neck, or rarely occur in the central nervous system. Histologic features include uniform round cells with hyperchromatic nuclei arranged in nests and separated by fibrovascular septa. Neuroblastomas may be associated with the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2099-2101; Curr Opin Oncol 1998 Jan;10(1):43-51)
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
The production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura. The procedure is used in the treatment of bronchopleural fistulas, malignant pleural effusions, and pneumothorax and often involves instillation of chemicals or other agents into the pleural space causing, in effect, a pleuritis that seals the air leak. (From Fishman, Pulmonary Diseases, 2d ed, p2233 & Dorland, 27th ed)