AXIN2 polymorphism and its association with prostate cancer in a Turkish population.
Summary of "AXIN2 polymorphism and its association with prostate cancer in a Turkish population."
Polymorphism of AXIN2, a component of Wnt signaling, has been shown to play a role in tumorigenesis and dysregulated in cancer cells. In order to find out if AXIN2 polymorphism is a risk factor for prostate cancer, we analyzed eight polymorphic regions of this gene in 84 patients with prostate cancer and compared the results with 100 healthy controls in a Turkish population using PCR-RFLP methods. The genotype frequencies and risk factors of prostate cancer and control groups were analyzed by Chi-square test. We found a statistically significant result between prostate cancer risk and AXIN2 Intron2-956 + 16A/G (rs35285779) SNP. The frequency of the homozygous G/G (0%) and heterozygous A/G (18%) genotypes was significantly less in patients with prostate cancer than in healthy controls (7 and 32%, respectively) (P < 0.05) for this SNP. When compared with the wild-type A/A genotype of the controls, prostate cancer patients with the A/G and G/G genotype showed reduced risk of cancer; the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for patients with the homozygous G/G genotype was 0.87 (95%
0.81-0.95) and for heterozygous A/G genotype was 0.42 (95%
0.20-0.85). We found no statistically significant association between controls and prostate cancer for other seven SNPs of AXIN2 including Exon1-148 C/T (rs2240308), Exon1-432 T/C (rs2240308), Exon5-1365 G/A (rs9915936), Exon5-1386 C/T (rs1133683), Intron5-1712 + 19 T/G, Exon7-2062 C/T, and Intron7-2141 + 73 G/A (rs4072245) (P > 0.05). These results suggest that the AXIN2 Intron2 rs35285779 SNP is associated with development of prostate cancer as a protective SNP, while an association between other seven SNPs of the AXIN2 and risk of prostate cancer was not observed.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biology, Cumhuriyet University, 58140, Sivas, Turkey, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21069480
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-010-9588-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
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