Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Abstract Background. Renal dysfunction is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in intensive care patients. In most cases the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is estimated based on serum creatinine and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula, but cystatin C-estimated GFR is being used increasingly. The aim of this study was to compare creatinine and MDRD and cystatin C-estimated GFR in intensive care patients. Methods. Retrospective observational study was performed, on patients treated within the general intensive care unit (ICU) during 2004-2006, in a Swedish university hospital. Results. GFR markers are frequently ordered in the ICU; 92% of the patient test results had cystatin C-estimated GFR (eGFR(cystatinC)) ≤ 80 mL/min/1.73 m(2), 75% had eGFR ≤ 50 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and 30% had eGFR ≤ 20 mL/min/1.73 m(2). In contrast, only 46% of the patients had reduced renal function assessed by plasma creatinine alone, and only 47% had eGFR(MDRD) ≤ 80 mL/min/1.73 m(2). The mean difference between eGFR(MDRD) and eGFR(cystatinC) was 39 mL/min/1.73 m(2) for eGFR(cystatinC) values ≤ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Conclusions. GFR is commonly assessed in the ICU. Cystatin C-estimated GFR yields markedly lower GFR results than plasma creatinine and eGFR(MDRD). Many pharmaceuticals are eliminated by the kidney, and their dosage is adjusted for kidney function. Thus, the differences in GFR estimates by the methods used indicate that the GFR method used in the intensive care unit may influence the treatment.
Section of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Upsala journal of medical sciences
Background. The study was designed to investigate if H2S could inhibit high-salt diet-induced renal excessive oxidative stress and kidney injury in Dahl rats. Methods. Male salt-sensitive Dahl and SD ...
Renal transplant vein stenosis is a rare cause of allograft dysfunction. Percutaneous stenting appears to be safe and effective treatment for this condition. A 56-year-old Caucasian female with end st...
A high fat meal, frequently known as western diet (WD), exacerbates atherosclerosis and diabetes. Both these diseases are frequently associated with renal failure. Recent studies have shown that lipop...
Hepatorenal syndrome is a severe complication of cirrhosis and associates with significant mortality. Vasoconstrictor medications improve renal function in patients with hepatorenal syndrome. However,...
Given the increased burden of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), renal outcomes of kidney donation by living donors are of particular interest. PubMed, ProQuest, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese national knowled...
This study has an open study design. The GFR will be measured using the renal clearance of inulin (Inutest) in volunteers with different stage of renal disease or without renal disease. A ...
Among the different creatinine-based GFR predicting equations, the MDRD equation gives the best prediction in renal transplantation but does not provide the level of accuracy usually seen ...
This will be a randomized prospective dose escalation clinical study of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in patients with stage 3 or worse renal failure (Glomerular Filtration Rate 30-60 ml/min cal...
This is a follow-up research study to determine if there are any differences in the long-term maintenance of two diet groups, the Atkins’ diet (low-carbohydrate) or the LEARN program (lo...
This study will include patients aged between 18 and 65 who will undergo retrograde infrarenal surgery (RIRS) due to renal stone(s). A total of 60 patients (male or female) will be recruit...
A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
Activities related to WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY. Treatment methods include DIET; EXERCISE; BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION; medications; and BARIATRIC SURGERY.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...