Surgical treatment of peroneal nerve palsy after knee dislocation.
Summary of "Surgical treatment of peroneal nerve palsy after knee dislocation."
Numerous surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of peroneal nerve palsy after knee dislocation with less than optimal outcomes. The purpose of this article is to present a review of the literature including modern surgical treatment options for peroneal nerve palsy after knee dislocation.
Review of the current body of literature relevant to the topic was undertaken and summarized accordingly. Mechanism of injury, pathology and prognosis as well as current and novel treatment options are presented.
Neurolysis and nerve grafting results are dependant on nerve graft length, with documented recovery rates of only 44% for nerve grafts longer than 6 cm. Posterior tibial tendon transfer procedures have had reasonable success in allowing patients to return to ambulation without assistive devices; however, dorsiflexion strength on the affected side has been reported at only 30% that of the normal contralateral side, and return to activities more strenuous than walking has not been reported. Future concepts including partial nerve transfer of a motor branch of the tibial nerve to the peroneal nerve have been described, but no outcome data is currently available.
Peroneal nerve palsy after knee dislocation leads to significant functional impairment. Prior treatment strategies utilized for restoration of dorsiflexion and peroneal nerve function have yielded overall poor results. Newer surgical techniques are being developed and clinical trials are under way to evaluate their effectiveness.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, Levy.Bruce@mayo.edu.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20640404
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-010-1204-3
Purpose. Tourniquet-induced nerve injuries have been reported in the literature, but even if electromyography abnormalities in knee surgery are frequent, only two cases of permanent femoral nerve pals...
Vascular injury is a devastating complication of acute knee dislocation. However, there are wide discrepancies in the reported frequency of vascular injury after knee dislocations, as well as importan...
The accessory deep peroneal (ADPN) nerve has been regarded as an anomalous nerve derived from the superficial peroneal nerve or its branch and supplies motor innervations for extensor digitorum brevis...
Habitual dislocation of the patella (HDP) is a common presentation in pediatric age unlike adults. Many surgical procedures using proximal realignment and distal realignment have been reported to trea...
Knee arthroscopy is a common orthopedic procedure that is generally considered relatively safe, with overall complication rates reported between 1% and 8%. Approximately 0.01% to 0.06% of these compli...
The activation of the knee extensors in adults after patella dislocation. The kneecap can dislocate due to an accident or also only due to an interior turn in the stretched knee joint out...
The purpose of the study is to determine whether or not surgical decompression of the common peroneal, tibial, and deep peroneal nerves in the legs of persons with diabetic peripheral neur...
The purpose of this project is to evaluate the effect of the Compass™ Universal Hinge external fixator on the outcome of patients following acute dislocation of the knee
Sciatic nerve block is used routinely in ankle and foot surgery. It is applied often by a posterior approach at the popliteal fossa, near where the nerve divides into the common peroneal...
Acromio-clavicular (AC) joint dislocation corresponds to 8.6% of all joint dislocations and represents a major injury to the shoulder girdle. The nature of the treatment is decided accordi...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Disease involving the common PERONEAL NERVE or its branches, the deep and superficial peroneal nerves. Lesions of the deep peroneal nerve are associated with PARALYSIS of dorsiflexion of the ankle and toes and loss of sensation from the web space between the first and second toe. Lesions of the superficial peroneal nerve result in weakness or paralysis of the peroneal muscles (which evert the foot) and loss of sensation over the dorsal and lateral surface of the leg. Traumatic injury to the common peroneal nerve near the head of the FIBULA is a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p31)
The lateral of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve. The peroneal (or fibular) nerve provides motor and sensory innervation to parts of the leg and foot.
Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)
A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.
Slippage of the FEMUR off the TIBIA.