Proteomic analysis of cisplatin resistance in human ovarian cancer using 2-DE method.
Summary of "Proteomic analysis of cisplatin resistance in human ovarian cancer using 2-DE method."
Platinum-based chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, is the primary treatment for human ovarian cancer. However, overcoming drug resistance has become an important issue in cancer chemotherapy. In this study, we performed 2-DE and ESI-Q-TOF MS/MS analysis to identify differential proteins expression between cisplatin-sensitive (A2780S) and cisplatin-resistant (A2780-CP) ovarian cancer cell lines. Of the 14 spots identified as differentially expressed (±over twofold, P < 0.05) between the two cell lines, ten spots (corresponding to ten unique proteins) were positively identified by ESI-Q-TOF MS/MS analysis. These proteins include capsid glycoprotein, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase C, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A2/B1, putative RNA-binding protein 3, Ran-specific GTPase-activating protein, ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase isozyme L1, stathmin, ATPSH protein, chromobox protein homolog3 and phosphoglycerate kinase 1. The proteins identified in this study would be useful in revealing the mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance and also provide some clues for further research.
State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular and cellular biochemistry
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21080034
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-010-0648-6
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
A tumor suppressor gene (GENES, TUMOR SUPPRESSOR) located on human chromosome 17 at locus 17q21. Mutations of this gene are associated with the formation of familial breast and ovarian cancer. It encodes a large, nuclear protein that is a component of DNA repair pathways.
A tumor suppressor gene (GENES, TUMOR SUPPRESSOR) located on human chromosome 13 at locus 13q12.3. Mutations in this gene predispose humans to breast and ovarian cancer. It encodes a large, nuclear protein that is an essential component of DNA repair pathways, suppressing the formation of gross chromosomal rearrangements. (from Genes Dev 2000;14(11):1400-6)
An antineoplastic agent used to treat ovarian cancer. It works by inhibiting DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I.
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency
Cessation of ovarian function after MENARCHE but before the age of 40, without or with OVARIAN FOLLICLE depletion. It is characterized by the presence of OLIGOMENORRHEA or AMENORRHEA, elevated GONADOTROPINS, and low ESTRADIOL levels. It is a state of female HYPERGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM. Etiologies include genetic defects, autoimmune processes, chemotherapy, radiation, and infections.
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