Influence of Smoking Habits on the GA/HbA1c Ratio in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
Summary of "Influence of Smoking Habits on the GA/HbA1c Ratio in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus."
Objective: To assess the influence of smoking on glycated albumin (GA) to hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ratio among type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients. Subjects and Methods: Eighty-one T1DM patients (49 females, 32 males, mean age 48 +/- 18 years) were recruited, and data concerning GA/HbA1c ratio and smoking were collected. Results: The median levels of GA and HbA1c were 23.3 and 7.4%, respectively. Independent of age, sex and/or body mass index, the GA/HbA1c ratio in smokers was significantly lower than that in nonsmokers (3.0 vs. 3.3, p < 0.05). Conclusion: The data suggest that smoking might affect the GA/HbA1c ratio among T1DM patients.
Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Motivational state produced by inconsistencies between simultaneously held cognitions or between a cognition and behavior; e.g., smoking enjoyment and believing smoking is harmful are dissonant.
Gonadal Dysgenesis, Mixed
A type of defective gonadal development in patients with a wide spectrum of chromosomal mosaic variants. Their karyotypes are of partial sex chromosome monosomy resulting from an absence or an abnormal second sex chromosome (X or Y). Karyotypes include 45,X/46,XX; 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX; 46,XXp-; 45,X/46,XY; 45,X/47,XYY; 46,XYpi; etc. The spectrum of phenotypes may range from phenotypic female through pseudohermaphrodite to phenotypic male, depending on the ratio in each gonad of 45,X primordial germ cells to those with normal 46,XX or 46,XY constitution.
Leukocyte Adherence Inhibition Test
Test for cell-mediated antitumor immunity and related serum blocking factors based on the finding that leukocytes from cancer patients, but not from controls, when mixed in vitro with antigenic extracts of tumors of the same histological type, undergo a diminution in their normal adherence to glass surfaces. Sera from tumor-bearing patients block the LAI reaction of their own leukocytes or those of other patients with the same type of tumor.
loke a.y. & wong y.p.i. (2010) Smoking among young children in Hong Kong: influence of parental smoking. Journal of Advanced Nursing.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05419.x Abstract Aims. This paper is...
BACKGROUND:: The influence of smoking on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) susceptibility and on its clinical course is well known, but not its impact on drug efficacy. The aim of this study was to eva...
Current smoking patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) seem to have better prognosis during hospital stay. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and complicati...
BACKGROUND: Although the harmful impact of environmental tobacco smoke on respiratory health in early childhood is well known, its effect in adolescence is still ambiguous. This study aims to examine...
Objectives: To study the association between late organ damage in patients with primary systemic vasculitis (PSV) and cigarette smoking. PSV included Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), microscopic polyang...
In this study, we will compare cue-reactivity in smokers with and without schizophrenia and the influence of smoking cues on responding for cigarette puffs under a PR schedule of reinforce...
Primary: To assess the effects of rimonabant on HbA1c in patients with Type 2 diabetes who are overweight or obese (Body Mass Index (BMI) > 27 kg/m² and BMI < 40 kg/m²), have uncontroll...
The goal of this study is to determine the effectiveness of a general intervention that includes encouragement of physical activity and healthy living habits of officers and permanent staf...
It has been shown in rodent models that chronic substance abuse is associated with a rigidification of cell membrane fluidity due to a change in the membrane cholesterol/phospholipids rati...
This study aims: 1. to assess the effect of smoking reduction programs (behavior therapy alone or behavior therapy with cigarette holders; "Flowers Menthol" plastic cigarettes with ment...