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Tetralogy of Fallot With Restrictive Ventricular Septal Defect.

Summary of "Tetralogy of Fallot With Restrictive Ventricular Septal Defect."

We present a case of tetralogy of Fallot with progressive restriction of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) by tricuspid valve tissue. The report includes echocardiographic and catheter images of this rare complication of tetralogy of Fallot. Restriction of the VSD in tetralogy of Fallot is associated with increased surgical-related mortality.

Affiliation

Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE7 7DN, England, UK, angela.mcbrien@nuth.nhs.uk.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric cardiology
ISSN: 1432-1971
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A combination of congenital heart defects consisting of four key features including VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS; PULMONARY STENOSIS; RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY; and a dextro-positioned AORTA. In this condition, blood from both ventricles (oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor) is pumped into the body often causing CYANOSIS.

Incomplete transposition of the great vessels in which both the AORTA and the PULMONARY ARTERY arise from the RIGHT VENTRICLE. The only outlet of the LEFT VENTRICLE is a large ventricular septal defect (VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS or VSD). The various subtypes are classified by the location of the septal defect, such as subaortic, subpulmonary, or noncommitted.

Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification of ventricular septal defects is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect.

A combination of congenital heart defects consisting of three key features including ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS; PULMONARY STENOSIS; and RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY.

A condition characterized by the thickening of the ventricular ENDOCARDIUM and subendocardium (MYOCARDIUM), seen mostly in children and young adults in the TROPICAL CLIMATE. The fibrous tissue extends from the apex toward and often involves the HEART VALVES causing restrictive blood flow into the respective ventricles (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE).

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