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Please cite this paper as: Kondo W, Bourdel N, Tamburro S, Cavoli D, Jardon K, Rabischong B, Botchorishvili R, Pouly J, Mage G, Canis M. Complications after surgery for deeply infiltrating pelvic endometriosis. BJOG 2010;
10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02774.x. Objective To evaluate the complications after surgery for deep endometriosis. Design Retrospective study. Setting Data from the CHU Estaing database and patients' charts between January 1987 and December 2007. Sample All women given surgical treatment for deep endometriosis. Methods Women who underwent surgery for deep endometriosis were reviewed for intra- and postoperative complications. Main outcome measures Primary outcomes were rates of intra- and postoperative complications. Complications were compared according to the procedure performed. Results A total of 568 women were included in the study, with a mean age of 32.4 years. The mean estimated diameter of the nodule felt by vaginal examination was 1.8 cm (ranging from 0.5 to 7 cm). Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 560 women (98.6%), and conversion was required in 2.3%. The mean operative time was 155 minutes. Intraoperative complications occurred in 12 women (2.1%), including six minor (1.05%) and six major (1.05%) complications. Postoperative complications developed in 79 women (13.9%), including 54 minor (9.5%) and 26 major (4.6%) complications (one woman had both minor and major postoperative complications). The overall major postoperative complication rate for women who underwent any type of rectal surgery (shaving, excision and suture, or segmental resection) was 9.3% (21 out of 226), compared with only 1.5% for the other women (five out of 342) (P < 0.01). Shaving presented less major postoperative complications compared with segmental resection (24 versus 6.7%; P = 0.004). Conclusions Surgery for deep endometriosis is feasible, but it is associated with major complications, especially when any type of rectal surgery must be performed.
Department of Gynaecologic Surgery, CHU Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
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Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the female pelvic viscera by means of an endoscope introduced into the pelvic cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
A benign, rapidly growing, deeply pigmented tumor of the jaw and occasionally of other sites, consisting of an infiltrating mass of cells arranged in an alveolar pattern, and occurring almost exclusively in infants. Its source of origin is in dispute, the various theories giving rise to its several names. (Dorland, 27th ed)