Deep Brain Stimulation and Motor Cortical Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain.
Summary of "Deep Brain Stimulation and Motor Cortical Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain."
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an important treatment option for neuropathic pain. DBS has a considerable history, and it can be used successfully for a wide number of pain syndromes. Epidural motor cortex stimulation (MCS) also is a treatment option for neuropathic pain. Less invasive than DBS, MCS has been rapidly adopted and studied since first described in 1991. A growing body of literature supports the use of MCS for facial pain, though further study to better define the mechanism of action and the most appropriate patient populations is ongoing.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St. Clair Street, Suite 2210, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current pain and headache reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21108051
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11916-010-0161-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
Evoked Potentials, Motor
The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.
Deep Brain Stimulation
Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
Electric Stimulation Therapy
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
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