Urinary transforming growth factor beta-1 as a marker of renal dysfunction in sickle cell disease.
Summary of "Urinary transforming growth factor beta-1 as a marker of renal dysfunction in sickle cell disease."
Renal dysfunction affects 5-18% of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). To date, no studies have described urinary levels of transforming growth factor β-1 (TGF-β1), a marker of fibrosis, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a marker of acute/chronic kidney disease, as biomarkers in identifying patients at risk of developing renal disease in SCD. We hypothesized that SCD subjects will have increased urinary excretion of TGF-β1 and NGAL compared with healthy controls (CTR). We examined 51 SCD subjects: 42 HbSS, 8 HbSC, and 1 HbSD. Sixteen out of 42 patients with HbSS were on hydroxyurea (HU). Urinary excretion of TGF-β1 was 26.4 ± 1.5 pg/mgCr in SCD subjects vs 15.0 ± 2.4 pg/mgCr in CTR (p < 0.00001). SCD patients with hemoglobin < 9 g/dl had higher urinary TGF-β1 than patients with milder anemia (p = 0.002). Urinary TGF-β1 trended lower in HbSS patients treated with HU (23.61 ± 2.6 pg/mgCr), vs patients not on HU (27.69 ± 1.8 pg/mgCr; p = 0.055). There was no correlation between urinary TGF-β1 and microalbuminuria or estimated glomerular function. There was no difference in urinary NGAL in SCD patients vs CTR. We suggest that urinary TGF-β1 may serve as a marker of early renal injury in SCD.
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21107986
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-010-1677-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor Beta
Cell-surface proteins that bind transforming growth factor beta and trigger changes influencing the behavior of cells. Two types of transforming growth factor receptors have been recognized. They differ in affinity for different members of the transforming growth factor beta family and in cellular mechanisms of action.
Transforming Growth Factors
Hormonally active polypeptides that can induce the transformed phenotype when added to normal, non-transformed cells. They have been found in culture fluids from retrovirally transformed cells and in tumor-derived cells as well as in non-neoplastic sources. Their transforming activities are due to the simultaneous action of two otherwise unrelated factors, TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA and TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA.
Transforming Growth Factor Beta1
A subtype of transforming growth factor beta that is synthesized by a wide variety of cells. It is synthesized as a precursor molecule that is cleaved to form mature TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta1 latency-associated peptide. The association of the cleavage products results in the formation a latent protein which must be activated to bind its receptor. Defects in the gene that encodes TGF-beta1 are the cause of CAMURATI-ENGELMANN SYNDROME.
Tgf-beta Superfamily Proteins
A large family of cell regulatory proteins which are structurally related to TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. The superfamily is subdivided into at least three related protein families: BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS; GROWTH DIFFERENTIATION FACTORS; and TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTORS.
Transforming Growth Factor Beta
A factor synthesized in a wide variety of tissues. It acts synergistically with TGF-alpha in inducing phenotypic transformation and can also act as a negative autocrine growth factor. TGF-beta has a potential role in embryonal development, cellular differentiation, hormone secretion, and immune function. TGF-beta is found mostly as homodimer forms of separate gene products TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 or TGF-beta3. Heterodimers composed of TGF-beta1 and 2 (TGF-beta1.2) or of TGF-beta2 and 3 (TGF-beta2.3) have been isolated. The TGF-beta proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins.
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