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Bacteroides are Gram-negative anaerobes indigenous to the intestinal tract of humans and they are important opportunistic pathogens. Mobile genetic elements such as conjugative transposons (CTn's) have contributed to an increase in antibiotic resistance in these organisms. CTn's are self-transmissible elements that belong to the superfamily of Integrating Conjugative Elements (ICE's). CTn341 is 52 kb, encodes tetracycline resistance and its transfer is induced by tetracycline. The mobilization region of CTn341 was shown to be comprised of a three gene operon, mobABC, and the transfer origin, oriT. The three genes code for a nicking accessory protein, relaxase and a VirD4-like coupling protein respectively. The Mob proteins were predicted mediate formation of the relaxosome complex, nick DNA at the oriT, and shuttle the DNA/protein complex to the mating pore apparatus. Mutational studies indicated the three genes are required for maximal transfer of CTn341. Mob gene transcription was induced by tetracycline and this regulation was mediated through the two component regulatory system, RteAB. The oriT region of CTn341 was located within 100 bp of mobA and a putative Bacteroides consensus nicking site was observed within this region. Mutation of the putative nick site resulted in a loss of transfer. This study demonstrated a role of the mobilization region for transfer of Bacteroides CTn's and that tetracycline induction occurs for the tra gene operon(s) as shown previously as well as the mob gene operon as reported here.
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of bacteriology
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Recombinases that involved in the propagation of DNA TRANSPOSONS. They bind to transposon sequences found at two different sites along the same stretch of DNA and bring them into close proximity. The enzymes then catalyze the double strand cleavage, exchange of double strands and rejoining of DNA helices so that the DNA transposon is formed into a circular PLASMID.
The regulatory elements of an OPERON to which activators or repressors bind thereby effecting the transcription of GENES in the operon.
Bacterial repressor proteins that bind to the LAC OPERON and thereby prevent the synthesis of proteins involved in catabolism of LACTOSE. When lactose levels are high lac repressors undergo an allosteric change that causes their release from the DNA and the resumption of lac operon transcription.
Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
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