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Rapid identification of viruses has important implications for medical healthcare. Current methods for identification and quantification of particular virus are time consuming and often expensive. Therefore, demand for sensitive and accurate viral biosensors with rapid detection systems is increasing. A hand held biosensing device would give fast, reliable results for identifying and quantitating the number of virus particles in a sample. Techniques currently being applied to achieve this aim include electrochemical biosensors, based on amperometric, potentiometric and impedance measurement, optical biosensors using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), optical fibers and piezoelectric biosensors based on microcantilevers. Future research also looks to the use of nanoparticles and novel nanomaterials as alternate recognition surfaces for use in a variety of sensor formats.
Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytica chimica acta
Biosensors are of increasing interest for the detection of bacterial pathogens in many applications such as human, animal and plant health, as well as food and water safety. Membranes and membrane-lik...
Airborne pathogens affect both humans and animals and are often highly and rapidly transmittable. Many problematic airborne pathogens, both viral (influenza A/H1N1, Rubella, and avian influenza/H5N1) ...
For over three decades, cotton rats have been a preferred model for human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection and pathogenesis, and a reliable model for an impressive list of human respiratory...
Innate recognition of virus proteins is an important component of the immune response to viral pathogens. A component of this immune recognition is the family of lectins; pattern recognition receptors...
Arsenic is a natural environmental contaminant to which humans are routinely exposed and is strongly associated with human health problems, including cancer, cardiovascular and neurological diseases. ...
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a new emerging infectious disease. Its pathogen is a newly discovered coronavirus (SARS-CoV). The clinical course can be classified to 3 stages:...
Observational: studies in human beings in which biomedical and/or health outcomes are assessed in pre-defined groups of individuals. Subjects in the study may receive diagnostic, therapeut...
This protocol will enable IRB (institutional review board) review of proposed research using human samples and data collected under the terminated NIH studies 04-EI-0065 and 96-EI-0096. Da...
PATH is a member of a consortium that is developing a Diagnostic Enterics Card (DEC) which will allow clinicians to diagnose a group of diarrheagenic pathogens linked to morbidity and mort...
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-infection belongs to the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. HIV-infected men having sex with men (MSM) are strongly associated with a higher pr...
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
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Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans. Health care is delivered by practitioners in medicine, chiropractic, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, a...