Offline consolidation of procedural skill learning is enhanced by negative emotional content.
Summary of "Offline consolidation of procedural skill learning is enhanced by negative emotional content."
It is now well established that both procedural skills and episodic memories consolidate across periods of offline retention, and most particularly across periods of sleep. Such consolidation has been demonstrated to be more marked for emotional than for neutral episodes, but the interaction between emotionality and the offline consolidation of procedural skills has yet to be investigated. Here, we address this issue by examining the impact of an emotional background context at encoding upon the subsequent consolidation of mirror tracing, a well-studied procedural skill. We also consider the importance of sleep for such consolidation by manipulating the retention interval (over a day, overnight, or over 24 h containing normal sleep). Our data show significantly greater offline improvements in the accuracy of mirror tracing when negative emotional content is present during the training phase when compared to when neutral or positive content is present. Furthermore, consolidation across a night of sleep is associated with faster and more accurate performance than consolidation across a day of wakefulness. These novel findings show that the emotional context in which a procedural skill is learned can impact upon subsequent offline consolidation.
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR, London, UK, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Experimentation cerebrale
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21120459
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-010-2497-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.
Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).
Knowledge Of Results (psychology)
A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
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