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There is a wide range of techniques utilizing fluorescence of doxorubicin (Dox) commonly used for analysis of intracellular accumulation and destiny of various drug delivery systems containing this anthracycline antibiotic. Unfortunately, results of these studies can be significantly influenced by doxorubicin degradation product, 7,8-dehydro-9,10-desacetyldoxorubicinone (D *) forming spontaneously in aqueous environment, whose fluorescence strongly interfere with that of doxorubicin. Here we define two microscopy techniques enabling to distinguish and separate Dox and D * emission based either on its spectral properties or on fluorescence lifetime analysis. To analyze influx and nuclear accumulation of Dox (free or polymer-bound) by flow cytometry, we propose using an indirect method based on its DNA intercalation competition with Hoechst33342 rather than a direct measurement of doxorubicin fluorescence inside the cells.
Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídenská 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Antineoplastic antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces peucetius. It is a hydroxy derivative of DAUNORUBICIN.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
An anthracycline which is the 4'-epi-isomer of doxorubicin. The compound exerts its antitumor effects by interference with the synthesis and function of DNA.
A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
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Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...