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Congenital syphilis occurs via vertical transmission when Treponema pallidum crosses the placenta after the 16th week of gestation. Manifestations of congenital syphilis vary from asymptomatic infection to stillbirth. We present a case of congenital syphilis in a Vietnamese orphan who presented with rhagades, hearing deficit, and abnormal dentition after adoption in the United States. He demonstrated both early- and late-stage findings of congenital syphilis. He is presumed to be 5 years old, and it is uncertain if he received treatment. Upon arrival to the United States, his rapid plasma reagin test was negative, but his fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption test was positive, so no further treatment was recommended. It is possible that other late congenital syphilis stigmata may develop in his later years. The Centers for Disease Control recommends screening all pregnant women for syphilis at the beginning of prenatal care. Clinicians should be made aware of the manifestations of congenital syphilis, especially when caring for international orphans and children born to mothers who lacked prenatal care.
Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio Department of Pediatrics, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio Department of Dermatology, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohi
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric dermatology
Acquired syphilis can be divided into primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary stages. About 25% of patients with untreated primary syphilis will develop late signs that generally occur after three to...
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Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
A syndrome characterized by multiple system abnormalities including DWARFISM; PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS; PREMATURE AGING; and HEARING LOSS. It is caused by mutations of a number of autosomal recessive genes encoding proteins that involve transcriptional-coupled DNA REPAIR processes. Cockayne syndrome is classified by the severity and age of onset. Type I (classical; CSA) is early childhood onset in the second year of life; type II (congenital; CSB) is early onset at birth with severe symptoms; type III (xeroderma pigmentosum; XP) is late childhood onset with mild symptoms.
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