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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill patients. Urinary excretion of liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), which is expressed in the proximal tubules, reflects the presence of tubular injury. Urinary excretion of podocalyxin (PCX), a glycoprotein prominently expressed on podocytes, is associated with podocyte injury. Our aims were to evaluate the utility of urinary L-FABP for the early detection of AKI and to examine whether podocyte injury is present in AKI patients using the biomarker of urinary PCX.
Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were divided into the AKI group (n = 14) and non-AKI group (n = 11), according to the occurrence of AKI during hospitalization in the ICU. Changes in various biomarkers were evaluated.
In the AKI group, elevation of urinary L-FABP level [maximum value of L-FABP, 199.0 (92.5-433.6) μg/g creatinine, median (25-75% interquartile range)], which reflects tubular injury (area under the curve 0.95, cut-off value 44.1 μg/g Cr), occurred between -30 and 0 h before the occurrence of AKI (i.e., the time at which serum creatinine peaked), and elevation of urinary PCX level [maximum value of PCX, 389.5 (267.0-501.0) μg/g creatinine; upper limit of reference value, 160 μg/g creatinine] occurred during the time of recovery from AKI when serum creatinine levels were decreasing between 34.0 and 72.0 h after the occurrence of AKI. Furthermore, a parameter with the primary large AUC for predicting the onset of AKI was urinary L-FABP.
Our study suggests that L-FABP is a useful biomarker for early detection of AKI and that podocyte injury was induced during the recovery phase of AKI.
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-Ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental nephrology
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