Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure.
Summary of "Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure."
Blood pressure is lowered for a few hours after aerobic exercise, but also after resistance exercise, although for a shorter period of time. An exercise program can significantly lower resting and ambulatory BP measurements. Multiple mechanisms interact for the BP lowering effect, such as decreased total peripheral resistance, enhanced endothelial function, diminished sympathetic or rennin plasmatic activity, structural vascular modifications and baroreceptor reflex modulation. New exercises like eccentric or isometric (handgrip) contractions are promising. Resistance activities have long been considered dangerous for blood vessels because of increased arterial stiffness, but if the intensity remains moderate and aerobic exercises are integrated, then the effects are altogether beneficial.
Sports Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21157722
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a000331
Authors have collected and analyzed literature data on blood pressure variability. They present the methods of blood pressure variability measurement, clinical value and relationships with target orga...
This randomized controlled study was designed to examine the effects of reduced coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinol; CoQ10) supplementation on blood pressure (BP) and exercise--induced muscle damage in kendo athl...
There is no scientific rationale to avoid blood pressure measurement on the same side as previous mastectomy, particularly if the patient has undergone lymph node removal or radiation therapy. Interar...
Abstract The aim was to compare exercise with and without different degrees of blood-flow restriction on perceived exertion (RPE) and discomfort. Participants were assigned to Experiment 1, 2, or 3. E...
Although physical activity brings a range of lifelong health benefits, it may also lead to injuries that pose a significant threat to health. It is particularly noticeable in people involved in profes...
The registry will obtain information to determine the safety of sports participation for patients with defibrillators (ICDs).
The aim of this project is to compare the efficacy of two different fitness exercise programmes on improving fitness and psychosocial functioning in a traumatic brain injured population. W...
The purpose of this study is to study the biomarkers in subjects before and after sports-induced traumatic brain injury. The assay will be studied in a sample population of subjects over t...
Head impacts in sports can lead to brain injury even when the participant is wearing a helmet. The forces that contribute to brain injury from sports-related head impacts are not well und...
The present work examines the impact of pulse pressure as a footprint of vascular ageing on cardiovascular benefits of endurance training in elderly hypertensives. METHODS AND RESULTS: 54 ...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in sports activities.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.