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Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure.

06:00 EST 16th December 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure."

Blood pressure is lowered for a few hours after aerobic exercise, but also after resistance exercise, although for a shorter period of time. An exercise program can significantly lower resting and ambulatory BP measurements. Multiple mechanisms interact for the BP lowering effect, such as decreased total peripheral resistance, enhanced endothelial function, diminished sympathetic or rennin plasmatic activity, structural vascular modifications and baroreceptor reflex modulation. New exercises like eccentric or isometric (handgrip) contractions are promising. Resistance activities have long been considered dangerous for blood vessels because of increased arterial stiffness, but if the intensity remains moderate and aerobic exercises are integrated, then the effects are altogether beneficial.

Affiliation

Sports Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Praxis
ISSN: 1661-8157
Pages: 1551-1557

Links

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Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

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