Advertisement

Topics

Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure.

06:00 EST 16th December 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Fitness, Sports and Blood Pressure."

Blood pressure is lowered for a few hours after aerobic exercise, but also after resistance exercise, although for a shorter period of time. An exercise program can significantly lower resting and ambulatory BP measurements. Multiple mechanisms interact for the BP lowering effect, such as decreased total peripheral resistance, enhanced endothelial function, diminished sympathetic or rennin plasmatic activity, structural vascular modifications and baroreceptor reflex modulation. New exercises like eccentric or isometric (handgrip) contractions are promising. Resistance activities have long been considered dangerous for blood vessels because of increased arterial stiffness, but if the intensity remains moderate and aerobic exercises are integrated, then the effects are altogether beneficial.

Affiliation

Sports Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Praxis
ISSN: 1661-8157
Pages: 1551-1557

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [12439 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Suitability of blood-pressure-to-height ratio as the criterion for high blood pressure in children in an environmental study.

Blood-pressure-to-height ratio is considered a simple, accurate, inexpensive and non-age-dependent index for screening high blood pressure in a clinical setting, but its suitability in epidemiological...

Understanding Blood Pressure Variation and Variability: Biological Importance and Clinical Significance.

Variability is a normative property of blood pressure necessary for survival which likely contributes to morbidity and mortality through allostatic load. Because of its allostatic and adaptive propert...

Fitter Women Did Not Have Attenuated Hemodynamic Responses to Psychological Stress Compared with Age-Matched Women with Lower Levels of Fitness.

According to the 'cross stressor adaptation hypothesis', regular exercise acts as a buffer against the detrimental effects of stress. Nevertheless, evidence that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fit...

Factors Associated with Blood Pressure Variability Based on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in Subjects with Hypertension in China.

We examined the factors associated with blood pressure variability in a multi-ethnicity prospective study in China to gain more evidence to guide the prevention and management of hypertension through ...

Breaks in Sitting Time: Effects on Continuously Monitored Glucose and Blood Pressure.

We examined the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with multiple 2-min walking breaks or one 30-min continuous walking session on glucose control and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP).

Clinical Trials [5845 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Impact of Riboflavin on Sports-related Concussion: A Randomized Control Trial

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of riboflavin to decrease the duration of time for a student-athlete to return to participation in sports after a sports relat...

Safety of Sports for Patients With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

The registry will obtain information to determine the safety of sports participation for patients with defibrillators (ICDs).

Fitness Training After Traumatic Brain Injury

The aim of this project is to compare the efficacy of two different fitness exercise programmes on improving fitness and psychosocial functioning in a traumatic brain injured population. W...

Sports in Hypertension of the Elderly

The present work examines the impact of pulse pressure as a footprint of vascular ageing on cardiovascular benefits of endurance training in elderly hypertensives. METHODS AND RESULTS: 54 ...

Effect of Including Fitness Testing in Preventive Health Checks on Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Motivation

The purpose of this study is to investigate if including fitness testing in preventive health checks increase cardiorespiratory fitness and motivation to change physical activity behavior ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in sports activities.

The field of veterinary medicine concerned with PHYSICAL FITNESS of animals in sports (horse racing, dog racing, etc.) and the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in animals.

Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Blood
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...