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For many years, the FAST examination has represented the standard procedure for diagnostics in traumatology. Until just recently, the ultrasound societies in German speaking countries did not recognize this procedure, which is the reason why it has not been included in current educational programs. The acronym FAST stands for «Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma» and is defined as the sonographic detection of free fluid in the intraperitoneal, pleural and pericardial spaces in patients who have suffered blunt or penetrating trauma. The extension to eFAST («extended FAST») in the year 2004 to include the additional diagnosis of pneumothorax marked the beginning of the procedure's meteoric development. Nowadays, everybody is talking about FAST-plus in reference to a broad range of applications within the field of airway management, organ injury diagnostics, cerebral hypertension as well as support for invasive procedures. However, the continued rise of FAST will depend on the future role that computed tomography (CT) will be playing. Indeed, it remains unclear whether CT utilized as FACTT («Focused Assessment with Computed Tomography in Trauma») will force out FAST and advance to become the diagnostic gold standard.
Zentrale Notfallaufnahme, Kantonsspital St. Gallen.
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Health follows a socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in developed countries, with disease prevalence falling as SES rises. This pattern is partially attributed to differences in nutritional intake, wi...
The Annual Legislative Update describes the legislative issues that have the most impact on NPs and other advanced practice nurses across the country.
This study investigates the functional role of calsequestrin 2 (CASQ2) in both fast-twitch and slow-twitch skeletal muscles by using CASQ2-/- mice; CASQ2 is expressed throughout life in slow-twitch mu...
This research study aims to improve the standard exam called Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST). The FAST exam is an ultrasound test used to identify an abdominal bleed. T...
The purpose of this study is to update the EORTC QLQ Breast (BR)-23 Module. Since the development of BR-23 published 1996 the standard therapy of breast cancer has changed. New therapies b...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia worldwide with a prevalence of 8% in the elderly. AF is responsible for frequent hospitalizations, stroke, heart failure and ...
The study examines if the introduction of a fast track pathway for hip fracture patients had an influence on mortality and quality of life by comparing these outcomes between all hip fract...
A study examining menu choices made at fast food restaurants.
Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type II MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have high ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment. Several fast types have been identified.
Cell surface proteins that bind amino acids and trigger changes which influence the behavior of cells. Glutamate receptors are the most common receptors for fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the vertebrate central nervous system, and GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and glycine receptors are the most common receptors for fast inhibition.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved on October 8th 2013 Adempas® (riociguat) tablets for: (i) the treatment of adults with persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (WHO* Group 4) after ...