Differences in the number of hemocytes in the snail host Biomphalaria tenagophila, resistant and susceptible to Schistosoma mansoni infection.
Summary of "Differences in the number of hemocytes in the snail host Biomphalaria tenagophila, resistant and susceptible to Schistosoma mansoni infection."
The relationships between schistosomiasis and its intermediate host, mollusks of the genus Biomphalaria, have been a concern for decades. It is known that the vector mollusk shows different susceptibility against parasite infection, whose occurrence depends on the interaction between the forms of trematode larvae and the host defense cells. These cells are called amebocytes or hemocytes and are responsible for the recognition of foreign bodies and for phagocytosis and cytotoxic reactions. The defense cells mediate the modulation of the resistant and susceptible phenotypes of the mollusk. Two main types of hemocytes are found in the Biomphalaria hemolymph: the granulocytes and the hyalinocytes. We studied the variation in the number (kinetics) of hemocytes for 24 h after exposing the parasite to genetically selected and non-selected strains of Biomphalaria tenagophila, susceptible or not to infection by Schistosoma mansoni. The differences were analyzed referred to the variations in the number of hemocytes in mollusks susceptible or not to infection by S. mansoni. The hemolymph of the selected and non-selected snails was collected, and hemocytes were counted using a Neubauer chamber at six designated periods: 0 h (control, non-exposed individuals), 2 h, 6 h, 12 h, 18 h and, 24 h after parasite exposure. Samples of hemolymph of five selected mollusks and five non-selected mollusks were separately used at each counting time. There was a significant variation in the number of hemocytes between the strains, which indicates that defense cells have different behaviors in resistant and susceptible mollusks.
Programa de Pós-Graduação Interunidades em Biotecnologia, USP, IPT, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Genetics and molecular research : GMR
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21174263
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/vol9-4gmr1143
SUMMARY Schistosomiasis is a neglected disease with public health importance in tropical and subtropical regions. An alternative to the disease control is the use of molluscicides to eliminate or redu...
This study assessed the apoptotic process occurring in the hemocytes of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, exposed to Alexandrium catenella, a paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) producer. Oysters w...
Atrazine (AZ) and glyphosate (GL) are herbicides that are widely applied to cereal crops in Egypt. The present study was designed to investigate the response of the snail Biomphalaria alexandrina (Mol...
The use of pesticides is widespread in agricultural activities. These pesticides may contaminate the irrigation and drainage systems during agriculture activities and pests' control and then negativel...
The study examined the effects of larval trematode infection on the neutral lipid and phospholipid content of Biomphalaria alexandrina infected with Schistosoma mansoni. Uninfected snails were used as...
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is the only effective treatment to patients resistant to conventional chemotherapy. Donor lymphocytes infusion (DLI) serve as a routine treatment of...
The primary goal of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability of a novel peptide - preimplantation factor (PIF-1) - in patients who develop acute steroid-resistant graft-versu...
Now it is commonly accepted that MSC produce an immune-tolerant environment in different settings. It has been shown (mainly for BM-MSC) that MSC can down-regulate T cells activation. Thi...
A clinical trial to assess safety and two regimens of (MEDI-507) a drug given to stem cell and bone marrow recipients who have a mid-grade acute Graft-versus-Host Disease.
This is a bicentric, prospective, non randomized study. Pediatric and adult patients will be treated. Rationale: MSC have shown promising effects by reversal of severe therapy-resistant a...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.
Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.
An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.