FTIR, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopic and DFT investigations of the structure of iron-lead-tellurate glasses.
Summary of "FTIR, Raman, and UV-Vis spectroscopic and DFT investigations of the structure of iron-lead-tellurate glasses."
In this work, the effects of iron ion intercalations on lead-tellurate glasses were investigated via FTIR, Raman and UV-Vis spectroscopies. This homogeneous glass system has compositions xFe(2)O(3)·(100-x)[4TeO(2)·PbO(2)], where x = 0-60 mol%. The presented observations in these mechanisms show that the lead ions have a pronounced affinity towards [TeO(3)] structural units, resulting in the deformation of the Te-O-Te linkages, and leading to the intercalation of [PbO( n )] (n = 3, 4) and [FeO( n )] (n = 4, 6) entities in the [TeO(4)] chain network. The formation of negatively charged [FeO(4)](1-) structural units implies the attraction of Pb(2+) ions in order to compensate for this electrical charge. Upon increasing the Fe(2)O(3) content to 60 mol%, the network can accommodate an excess of oxygen through the formation of [FeO(6)] structural units and the conversion of [TeO(4)] into [TeO(3)] structural units. For even higher Fe(2)O(3) contents, Raman spectra indicate a greater degree of depolymerization of the vitreous network than FTIR spectra do. The bands due to the Pb-O bond vibrations are very strongly polarized and the [TeO(4)] structural units convert into [TeO(3)] units via an intermediate coordination stage termed "[TeO(3+1)]" structural units. Our UV-Vis spectroscopic data show two mechanisms: (i) the conversion of the Fe(3+) to Fe(2+) at the same time as the oxidation of Pb(2+) to Pb(+4) ions for samples with low Fe(2)O(3) contents; (ii) when the Fe(2)O(3) content is high (x ≥ 50 mol%), the Fe(2+) ions capture positive holes and are transferred to Fe(3+) ions through a photochemical reaction, while the Pb(2+) ions are formed by the reduction of Pb(4+) ions. DFT calculations show that the addition of Fe(2)O(3) to lead-tellurate glasses seems to break the axial Te-O bonds, and the [TeO(4)] structural units are gradually transformed into [TeO(3+1)]- and [TeO(3)]-type polyhedra. Analyzing these data further indicates a gradual conversion of the lead ions from covalent to ionic environment. There is then a charge transfer between the tri- and tetracoordinated tellurium atoms due to the capacity of the lead-tellurate network to form the appropriate coordination environments containing structural units of opposite charge, such as iron ions, [FeO(4)](1-).
Department of Physics, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, 400641, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Simona.Rada@phys.utcluj.ro.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of molecular modeling
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21174135
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00894-010-0911-5
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Spectrum Analysis, Raman
Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
Iron Regulatory Protein 2
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.
Iron Regulatory Protein 1
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.
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