Intravenous administration of lidocaine for perioperative analgesia : Review and recommendations for practical usage.
Summary of "Intravenous administration of lidocaine for perioperative analgesia : Review and recommendations for practical usage."
Lidocaine is commonly used for regional anesthesia and nerve blocks. However, recent clinical studies demonstrated that intravenous perioperative administration of lidocaine can lead to better postoperative analgesia, reduced opioid consumption and improved intestinal motility. It can therefore be used as an alternative when epidural analgesia is contraindicated, not possible or not feasible. Apart from the sodium channel blocking effects relevant for regional anesthesia, lidocaine also has anti-inflammatory properties. Lidocaine can obviously inhibit the priming of resting neutrophilic granulocytes, which, simplified, may reduce the liberation of superoxide anions, a common pathway of inflammation after multiple forms of tissue trauma. At the authors' institutions intravenous lidocaine is primarily used for postoperative pain relief following abdominal surgery and is given as a bolus dose of 1.5-2.0 mg/kg body weight (BW) injected over 5 min followed by an infusion of 1.5 mg/kg BW/h intraoperatively and 1.33 mg/kg BW/h postoperatively in the recovery room or in the intensive care unit (ICU). The lidocaine infusion is stopped in the recovery room 30 min before discharge or in the ICU at the latest after 24 h. Lidocaine is not used on normal wards. This overview summarizes the current evidence for the intravenous administration of lidocaine for patients undergoing different types of surgery and gives practical advice for its use.
Klinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Klinikum Lünen - St.-Marien-Hospital, 44534, Lünen, Deutschland, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Anaesthesist
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21184037
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00101-010-1829-0
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Intravenous anesthetics that induce a state of sedation, immobility, amnesia, and marked analgesia. Subjects may experience a strong feeling of dissociation from the environment. The condition produced is similar to NEUROLEPTANALGESIA, but is brought about by the administration of a single drug. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed)
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.