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Focal status epilepticus induced by hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

06:00 EST 31st December 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Focal status epilepticus induced by hyperbaric oxygen therapy."

Generalized tonic clonic (GTC) seizure activity because of central nerve system oxygen toxicity is a rare but recognized effect of HBOT (hyperbaric oxygen therapy). Almost all case reports and database analyses about the relationship between seizure activity and HBOT point out that GTC seizures and status epilepticus are more likely to occur as a result of the treatment and there are only few reports demonstrating partial seizures.

Affiliation

Clinic of Neurology, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkiye.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The neurologist
ISSN: 1074-7931
Pages: 31-3

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)

A hypnotic and sedative with anticonvulsant effects. However, because of the hazards associated with its administration, its tendency to react with plastic, and the risks associated with its deterioration, it has largely been superseded by other agents. It is still occasionally used to control status epilepticus resistant to conventional treatment. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p608-9)

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