Can personal and environmental factors explain dimensions of child participation?
Summary of "Can personal and environmental factors explain dimensions of child participation?"
Abstract Objective One of the main goals of paediatric occupational therapists and other health professionals is to enhance child participation in age-related activities within their communities. According to theoretical models, the act of participation has numerous dimensions, affected by personal and environmental factors. However, there have been relatively few studies undertaken to validate this theory. The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which personal and environmental factors explain each of five distinct dimensions of child participation, which are: diversity, intensity, independence, enjoyment and subsequent parental satisfaction. Method A convenient sample of 70 kindergarten children without developmental disabilities together with their parents participated in the study. Data were collected using standardized assessments for personal factors and questionnaires for environmental factors. Results The findings confirmed our hypothesis and revealed that with typical children, motor and cognitive abilities affect participation diversity. Moreover, performance skills and self-perceptions of competence affect their independence levels, while environmental factors contribute to frequency of participation and parental satisfaction. However, these factors on their own do not fully explain the degree of enjoyment experienced by children. Conclusions The findings highlight the importance of measuring the full range of participation dimensions, and provide empirical evidence about the nature of child participation. Further studies are warranted to validate this approach for children with developmental difficulties.
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Child: care, health and development
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20637019
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01132.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Works consisting of accounts of personal experience in relation to a particular field or of participation in related activities or autobiographical accounts.
The psychiatric, sociological and psychological study and treatment of the developing child with emphasis on preventive or prophylactic measures focused on the familial, educational and socio-environmental milieu of the child.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
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