Candidate performance measures for screening for, assessing, and treating unhealthy substance use in hospitals.
Summary of "Candidate performance measures for screening for, assessing, and treating unhealthy substance use in hospitals."
No Summary Available
The Joint Commission, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of internal medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21200047
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1059/0003-4819-154-1-201101040-00015
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Sensitivity And Specificity
Measures for assessing the results of diagnostic and screening tests. Sensitivity represents the proportion of truly diseased persons in a screened population who are identified as being diseased by the test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly diagnosing a condition. Specificity is the proportion of truly nondiseased persons who are so identified by the screening test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly identifying a nondiseased person. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Abbreviated Injury Scale
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Outcome Assessment (health Care)
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
OBJECTIVES: Surrogate measures of screening performance [e.g. interval cancer (IC) proportional incidence] allow timely monitoring of sensitivity and quality. This study explored...
Evidence for shared heritable influences across domains of substance use suggests that some genetic variants influence broad risk for externalizing behaviors. Theories of externalizing psychopathology...
Unhealthy alcohol drinking is negatively influencing health of people and costing a large number of annual finance via "secondhand" effects. Additionally, unhealthy alcohol use covers a sp...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether performance on neurocognitive measures predicts treatment outcomes in individuals with substance abuse disorders. A second purpose is to c...
Of 17 performance measures of hospital quality regularly reported for the Veterans Administration (VA) health care system, rates of colorectal cancer screening are the lowest.
Part II: Examine cognitive performance of stimulant abusers (methamphetamine and cocaine) during recovery by assessing their cognitive function at monthly intervals.
Recently, a lot of evidence for a relation between measures of cognitive performance and personality characteristics has been collected. The use of computer based latency measures is often...